Present Simple for beginners

In this lesson, you will learn all the grammatical features of the Present simple tense in the English language and get familiar with its uses.

"Present Simple" Tense in English Grammar

What Is Present Simple Tense?

The present tense is the root of a verb. The verb is without any endings, like what we find in the dictionary.


Present simple tense is formed by the root of a verb but we have to add 's' or 'es' for the third person singular pronouns or nouns:

I work
You work
He/She/It works
We work
They work


Many verbs in English take -s to their base form to make the third-person singular form:

  • eat → eats
  • walk → walks
  • run → runs

If the verbs end in -ch, -ss, -sh, -x or -zz, we add '-es':

  • watch → watches
  • wash → washes
  • mix → mixes

If the verbs end in a consonant + -y we change 'y' to 'i' and add '-es':

  • study → studies
  • hurry → hurries

If the verbs end in a vowel + '-y', we just add '-s':

  • pay → pays
  • enjoy → enjoys

Some verbs are irregular:

  • be → is
  • do → does
  • go → goes
  • have → has

Present Simple 'to be'

The verb to be is one of the irregular verbs in the English language. in the table below, you can see its form in the present simple tense:

Subject Be
I am
You are
He/She/It is
We are
You are
They are


For making a negative sentence, add 'do not' (don't) or 'does not' (doesn't) before the base form of verbs.

Affirmative Negative Short Form
I go to school. I do not go to school. I don't go to school.
You work. You do not work. You don't work.
She runs. She does not run. She doesn't run.

To negate to be, the formula is: to be + not.

To Be Negation Short Form
I am a student. I am not a student. -
You are a student. You are not a student. You aren't a student.
He/she is a student. He/she is not a student. He/she isn't a student.


For making a yes/no question, put 'do + subject + the base form of verb' or 'Does + subject + the base form of verb' at the beginning of the sentence.

Statement Question
I run. Do you run?
You run. Do you run?
He goes to school. Does he go to school?

If the main verb of the sentence is 'to be', the question form is 'Be + Subject + ….)

Statement Question
I am happy. Am I happy?
You are a doctor. Are you a doctor?
He is nice. Is he nice?

Using Present Simple to Talk about a Frequent Action


The Simple present tense is used to:

  • Talk about facts:

Mary has a twin sister.

The earth is round.

  • Talk about routines:

Mary goes to school everyday.

I wash the dishes after dinner every night.


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