What Is Present Simple Tense?
The present tense is the root of a verb. The verb is without any endings, like what we find in the dictionary.
Many verbs in English take -s to their base form to make the third-person singular form:
- eat → eat
- walk → walk
- run → run
If the verbs end in -ch, -ss, -sh, -x or -zz, we add '-es':
- watch → watch
- wash → wash
- mix → mix
If the verbs end in a consonant + -y we change 'y' to 'i' and add '-es':
- study → stud
- hurry → hurr
If the verbs end in a vowel + '-y', we just add '-s':
- pay → pay
- enjoy → enjoy
Some verbs are irregular:
- be → is
- do → does
- go → goes
- have → has
Present Simple 'to be'
The verb to be is one of the irregular verbs in the English language. in the table below, you can see its form in the present simple tense:
|I go to school.||I do not go to school.||
|You work.||You do not work.||
||She does not run.||
To negate to be, the formula is: to be + not.
|To Be||Negation||Short Form|
|I am a student.||
|You are a student.||
|He/she is a student.||
|He goes to school.||
If the main verb of the sentence is 'to be', the question form is 'Be + Subject + ….)
|I am happy.||
|You are a doctor.||
|He is nice.||
The Simple present tense is used to:
- Talk about facts:
- Talk about routines:
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