Present Simple for beginners

All the power is in the present moment. In this lesson, you will learn all there is about the present simple tense.

"Present Simple" Tense in English Grammar

What Is Present Simple Tense?

The present tense is the root of a verb. The verb is without any endings, like what we find in the dictionary.

Structure

Present simple tense is formed by the root of a verb but we have to add 's' or 'es' for the third person singular pronouns or nouns:

I work
You work
He/She/It works
We work
They work

Negation

For making a negative sentence, add 'do not' (don't) or 'does not' (doesn't) before the base form of verbs.

Affirmative Negative
I go to school. I do not go to school.
You work. You don't work.
She runs. She doesn't run.

Spelling

Many verbs in English take -s to their base form to make the third-person singular form:

  • eat → eats
  • walk → walks
  • run → runs

If the verbs end in -ch, -ss, -sh, -x or -zz, we add '-es':

  • watch → watches
  • wash → washes
  • mix → mixes

If the verbs end in a consonant + -y we change 'y' to 'i' and add '-es':

  • study → studies
  • hurry → hurries

If the verbs end in a vowel + '-y', we just add '-s':

  • pay → pays
  • enjoy → enjoys

Some verbs are irregular:

  • be → is
  • do → does
  • go → goes
  • have → has

Questions

For making a yes/no question, put 'do + subject + the base form of verb' or 'Does + subject + the base form of verb' at the beginning of the sentence.

Statement Question
I run. Do you run?
He goes to school. Does he go to school?

Using Present Simple to Talk about a Frequent Action

Present Simple 'to be'

The verb to be is one of the irregular verbs in the English language. in the table below, you can see its form in the present simple tense:

Subject Be
I am
You are
He/She/It is
We are
You are
They are

Uses

The Simple present tense is used to:

  • Talk about facts:

Mary has a twin sister.

The earth is round.

  • Talk about routines:

Mary goes to school everyday.

I wash the dishes after dinner every night.

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Tenses

Verbs have different characteristics that help make us clear while talking. Indicating the tenses is one of the characteristics that is related to time.

Past Simple

Past simple tense is one of the most exciting and important tenses in English. We often use it to talk about what happened before.

Future Simple

The best way to predict the future is to create it. In this lesson, you will learn to talk about the future in English using 'will.'

Present Continuous

The present continuous tense is a basic tense. It is usually one of the first tenses you start to learn when you first start studying English.

Past Continuous

The past continuous tense is used quite often in English, so let’s understand exactly when to use it and how to use it. Are you ready? Let's begin.

Future Continuous

The future continuous tense is used by native English speakers quite often and this is your chance to learn and understand this tense so you can start using it.

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