"Much" vs. "More" in the English Grammar

Much vs. More

'Much' and 'more' are two different words that are used in different conditions. Let us get to know them better.

"Much" vs. "More" in the English Grammar

What Are Their Main Differences?

'Much' refers to a matter of quantity, while 'more' refers to a matter of quantity in comparison with other objects.

Differences

What They Refer to

  • 'Much':

refers to a large quantity. Quantities can refer to numbers or amounts, let us say the term 'much' refers to amounts not numbers.

He did not left much money after his death.

He ate much cake that made him feel nauseous.

  • 'More':

refers to a larger quantity in comparison with other things. 'More' is the comparative form of the terms 'much' and 'many' so as a result, more can refer to both numbers and amounts. In general, 'more' refers to a greater quantity than before or than average, or than something else.

We will need more candles, as it gets darker.

I want to read more books; I only live once.

Singular or Plural Nouns?

  • 'Much':

is followed by a singular uncountable noun. As it is mentioned you cannot use a singular countable noun after the term 'much'. As a result, the verb that is used with 'much' must be singular.

If you are overweight, you can lose weight by drinking much water.

There is not much space between us in the locked closet.

  • More:

is followed by singular uncountable or plural countable nouns. We cannot use a singular countable noun after the term 'more'. Remember, you can use either a singular verb in combination with a singular noun or a plural verb in combination with a plural noun. 'More' can be added before an adjective to make a comparative adjective, if it is added before a noun it means to a larger extent.

She added more offensive words to the letter to her rapist.

The Victoria Secret’s models asked for more perfume.

more (adverb) + adjective = comparative adjective
more (determiner) + noun = to a larger extent

to Do List

There is a structure made by the word 'more'. It means that some tasks are about to be done besides those that have been done earlier. The structure is [nember+ 'more'+ infinitive with to]. This is used to name tasks or things you have to do.

There is one more thing to add. Do not try to ditch me.

We have five more dishes to do, fortunately there is no more.

More ..... than

Here is the thing, if the second part of the comparison is mentioned more have to be followed by the term than.

My mother is more experienced than I am.

Alex is more important to me than Hanna. I mean, hello! he is my brother.

the More ...... the More

Whenever two different things or situations change or increase depending on each other, we can use the structure [the more... the more...] and both sides are syntactically alike.
A comma separates the two parts of the sentence.

The more it got darker, the more I got terrified.

The more you are stressed, the more you get unconcentrated.

Similarities

Grammatical functions

  • 'Much' and 'more':
  1. Determiner
  2. Pronoun
  3. Adverb

Determiners are used before nouns. 'Much' and 'more' can be considered as determiners, the noun after them depends on they, themselves, and the rules they serve. Both of them can be used alone as pronouns with no nouns after them when it is obvious what they refer to. As adverbs, 'much' and 'more' are used before adjectives or other adverbs.

This car uses more fuel than the previous one. → determiner

I do not need much, just give me two bucks. → pronoun

It is getting more interesting, who was he talking to, again? → adverb

What They Refer to

  • 'Much' and 'more':

both refer to a quantity. It means they can refer to amounts or numbers, as a result, they are called quantifiers.

I felt more stressed as he got close to me.

I found much peace after moving in this new place.

Combination

'Much' can be used before 'more', so they can be used together. Remember, in this use you have to put an uncountable singular noun after more. You can never use a plural countable noun after 'much more'. This combination can even be used before 'adjectives'.

We have had much more fun back then.

More of and Much of

'More' and 'much' are followed by the preposition 'of' when a noun phrase [determiner + noun] or a pronoun follows them. So, the structure is [ much of/more of + noun phrase/pronoun]. Remember, the objective pronoun after much should be 'it'. We mean the pronoun has to be singular.

More of us are getting the involved in this horrible situation.

Much of his speech dedicated to new terms of service.

Much of a

The phrase 'much of a' is used to say that someone or something is a good example of a concept. To make this phrase negative, the term not must be added 'before' 'much' to show that someone or something is not a good example of a particular concept. As the article requires the term after the article, must be a singular noun. Check out the examples to be clarified.

He is not much of a doctor he couldn't inject the little boy.

Oh my God, meeting him on her wedding day is much of a problem.

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