Much vs. Many

Much and many are both quantifiers and they are really easy to learn.

What Are Their Main Differences?

These two terms are used as quantifiers before nouns. They both refer to a large quantity. The main difference between 'much' and 'many' is that 'much' refers to a singular uncountable noun, while 'many' refers to plural countable nouns.

Differences

Singular or plural Nouns?

  • 'Much':

is followed by a singular uncountable noun.

I don’t drink much milk; it smells bad.

  • 'Many':

is followed by a plural countable noun.

There are not many students in our class. It is just four of us.

Grammatical Functions

Besides their mutual grammatical functions, 'many' can be an adjective and 'much' can be an adverb.

What They Refer to

  • 'Much':

refers to a large amount.

Eating much food would cause obesity.

  • 'Many':

refers to a large number.

Many mistakes are made by ourselves when we are scared.

Similarities

What They Refer to

  • 'Much' and 'many':

both refer to a large quantity

Types of Sentences They Are Used in

  • 'Much' and 'many':

are used in negative and interrogative sentences in informal situations. We can also use them in affirmative sentences when we are talking formally. However, we can use them in any sentence in spoken English with no imperfections.

I have many professors who would help me on this subject.

Are there many balloons in the bride’s room?

There are not many immigrants in Italy.

His father was an alcoholic he drank too much alcohol.

Do Italian eat much rice?

The Americans don’t have much pasta. They use meat and chicken instead.

Grammatical Functions

  • 'Much' and 'many':

both can be determiners and pronouns.

How to Make Them Informal in Affirmative Sentences?

'Much' and 'many' are used formally in affirmative sentences. To make the sentence informal we can use a lot of and lots of as an alternative.

I have broken many hearts during my life.

I have broken a lot of hearts during my life.

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