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Architecture and Construction - Roofs and Ceilings

Here you will learn some English words related to roofs and ceilings such as "dome", "ridge", and "thatch".

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Words Related to Architecture and Construction
barge rafter

a structural component of a roof that runs along the edge or gable of the roof

[noun]
barge course

a horizontal row of masonry or brickwork that runs along the edge or gable of a roof, typically on the side of a building

[noun]
vault

an architectural structure, often made of stone or concrete, that forms a curved or arched ceiling or roof, providing strength, support, and architectural beauty to a space

[noun]
gambrel roof

a type of roof characterized by two slopes on each side, with the lower slope being steeper and the upper slope having a shallower pitch, resulting in a distinct double-pitched or barn-like appearance

[noun]
hipped roof

a roof style characterized by slopes on all sides, where the ends of the roof slope inward towards the ridge, creating a gentle or moderate slope without any vertical gables

[noun]
mansard

a roof style characterized by two slopes on each side, with the lower slope being steeper and the upper slope having a shallower pitch, often creating additional living space or attic rooms within the roof structure

[noun]
ridge

the highest point where two roof slopes meet, forming a horizontal line along the top of the roof

[noun]
saddle roof

a type of roof design characterized by two sloping sides that meet at a central ridge, resembling the shape of a saddle or an inverted "V"

[noun]
dome ceiling

a curved or hemispherical-shaped ceiling that creates a sense of openness and is often found in grand architectural spaces

[noun]
verge

the edge or border of a roof, typically where it meets the gable or end wall of a building

[noun]
dome

a building's roof that is rounded

[noun]
eave

the lower edge or overhang of a roof that projects beyond the supporting walls, providing protection from the elements and directing water away from the building

[noun]
hammerbeam roof

a type of roof with horizontal beams that project outward and support the weight of the roof, creating an open and decorative space below

[noun]
shed roof

a simple roof design consisting of a single sloping plane that slopes downward in one direction, resembling the shape of a shed or lean-to structure

[noun]
flat roof

a horizontal or nearly horizontal roof surface with a minimal slope, providing a level or nearly level surface on top of a building

[noun]
butterfly roof

a unique roof design characterized by two upward-sloping roof sections that meet in the middle, creating a V-shape resembling the wings of a butterfly

[noun]
curved roof

a roof design that features a gentle or pronounced curve along its span, deviating from a traditional flat or sloping roof

[noun]
sloping roof

a roof design that has a noticeable incline or slope, typically with two or more sides slanting downward from a higher point towards the eaves or edges of the roof

[noun]
pyramid roof

a roof design characterized by four sloping sides that meet at a single point or apex, forming a pyramid-like shape

[noun]
apex

the highest point or peak of a roof, where the sloping sides or surfaces meet

[noun]
saltbox roof

a distinctive roof design that features a long, sloping roof on one side and a shorter, steep roof on the other side, resulting in an asymmetrical shape resembling a traditional wooden saltbox container

[noun]
sawtooth roof

a roof design characterized by a series of vertical roof surfaces with a combination of vertical glass panels and solid sections

[noun]
flat ceiling

a ceiling design that has a level or horizontal surface without any visible slopes or curves

[noun]
vaulted ceiling

a ceiling design that features an arched or curved shape, creating a sense of height and spaciousness in a room

[noun]
tray ceiling

a recessed or stepped ceiling design that adds visual interest to a room

[noun]
coffered ceiling

a ceiling design that features a series of sunken panels or recessed geometric patterns, creating a grid-like appearance

[noun]
sunken panel

a recessed portion or section of a surface that is set lower than the surrounding area

[noun]
beam ceiling

a ceiling design that showcases exposed beams as a prominent architectural element

[noun]
semidome

a half-rounded architectural structure resembling the top half of a sphere often used to create a curved or vaulted ceiling

[noun]
coved ceiling

a ceiling design that features a curved transition between the wall and the ceiling, creating a smooth, rounded surface

[noun]
dropped ceiling

a suspended ceiling or false ceiling, is a secondary ceiling installed below the main structural ceiling

[noun]
onion dome

a bulbous, onion-shaped dome that is often found atop a tower or a building, typically associated with Eastern European and Russian architecture

[noun]
ridge rib

the raised or elevated portion running along the ridge of a roof

[noun]
roof garden

cultivated green spaces established on the topmost level of a building that can provide temperature control apart from having decorative benefit

[noun]
rooftop

the external surface of a building roof

[noun]
fantail

a decorative feature typically found on the gable or apex of a roof, resembling the spread tail feathers of a fan

[noun]
caisson

a decorative or structural element with recessed panels, commonly found in ceilings, adding visual interest to the space

[noun]
dormer

a structural element that protrudes from a sloping roof, typically containing a window or set of windows

[noun]
roof pitch

the steepness or slope of a roof, typically expressed as a ratio or angle, indicating the vertical rise of the roof for every horizontal distance

[noun]
thatch

the roof of a house that is covered with or built from reeds or straws

[noun]
cupola

a small, dome-shaped or roof-like structure that sits on top of a larger building or roof

[noun]
roof curb

a raised framework or structure built on a roof surface to support rooftop equipment or to create a transition between different roof levels

[noun]
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