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CEFR C1 Vocabulary - Lesson 35

Here you will learn some English words about science, such as "atomic", "density", "evolution", etc. prepared for C1 learners.

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CEFR C1 Vocabulary
atomic
[adjective]
related to an atom or atoms
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nucleus
[noun]
(biology) the part of a cell that contains most of the genetic information
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bond
[noun]
a link that holds atoms or ions together in any molecule or crystal
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charge
[noun]
the physical property in matter that causes it to experience a force in an electromagnetic field
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density
[noun]
(physics) the degree to which a substance is compacted, measured by dividing its mass by its volume
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gravity
[noun]
(physics) the universal force of attraction between any pair of objects with mass
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particle
[noun]
(physics) any of the smallest units that energy or matter consists of, such as electrons, atoms, molecules, etc.
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property
[noun]
a feature or quality of something
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instinct
[noun]
a reaction or behavior whose reason is innate, not a result of thinking
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metabolism
[noun]
the chemical processes through which food is changed into energy for the body to use
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evolutionary
[adjective]
related to evolution or the slow and gradual development of something
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organic
[adjective]
produced by or from or related to living things
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evolution
[noun]
(biology) the slow and gradual development of living things throughout the history of the earth
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genome
[noun]
the complete set of genetic material of any living thing
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mutation
[noun]
(biology) a change in the structure of the genes of an individual that causes them to develop different physical features
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embryo
[noun]
an unhatched or unborn offspring in the process of development, especially a human offspring roughly from the second to the eighth week after fertilization
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hybrid
[noun]
an animal or plant with parents that belong to different breeds or varieties
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clone
[noun]
a cell or a group of cells created through a natural or artificial process from a source that they are genetically identical to
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to reproduce
[verb]
(of a living being) to produce offspring or more of itself
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stimulus
[noun]
something that triggers a reaction in various areas like psychology or physiology
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synthesis
[noun]
the act of producing a substance that exists in living beings
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to accelerate
[verb]
to increase the velocity of something
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to dissolve
[verb]
(of a solid) to become one with a liquid
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acid
[noun]
a water-soluble chemical substance that contains Hydrogen and has a sour taste or corrosive feature with a PH less than 7
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aluminum
[noun]
a light silver-gray metal used primarily for making cooking equipment and aircraft parts
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copper
[noun]
a metallic chemical element that has a red-brown color, primarily used as a conductor in wiring
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lead
[noun]
a heavy soft metal, used in making bullets, in plumbing and roofing, especially in the past
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conductor
[noun]
a substance that permits electricity to pass through or along it
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crystal
[noun]
a substance of small size and equal sides, formed naturally when turns to solid
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gunpowder
[noun]
a type of powder that is explosive, used in making bullets, bombs, etc.
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dynamite
[noun]
an explosive that is very powerful
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composition
[noun]
the different elements that form something or the arrangement of these elements
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to emit
[verb]
to release heat, light, sound, radiation, etc.
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ray
[noun]
a narrow beam of light, heat, or other form of energy
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laser
[noun]
a device that produces a powerful and concentrated beam of light that can be used in medical procedures, for cutting metal objects, etc.
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magnet
[noun]
an object that produces an invisible field capable of attracting certain metals without physical contact
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thermal
[adjective]
referring to anything related to heat or temperature
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to compress
[verb]
to press two things together or be pressed together to become smaller
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generator
[noun]
a machine that produces electricity by converting mechanical energy into electrical energy
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to evaporate
[verb]
to become gas or vapor from liquid
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vacuum
[noun]
a space that is utterly empty of all matter
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infinite
[adjective]
without end or limits in extent, size, or space
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residue
[noun]
a small remaining amount or part of a thing after it has been taken, used, etc.
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