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# Απαραίτητο Λεξιλόγιο για το GRE - ΚΑΝΕΙΣ τα μαθηματικά!

Εδώ θα μάθετε μερικές αγγλικές λέξεις για τα μαθηματικά, όπως "axis", "congruent", "matrix" κ.λπ. που χρειάζονται για τις εξετάσεις GRE.

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arithmetic

a branch of mathematics that deals with addition, subtraction, multiplication, etc.

αριθμητική

[ουσιαστικό]
asymmetry

(geometry) a lack of symmetry or equivalence in shape or size between the two sides or parts of something

ασυμμετρία

[ουσιαστικό]
axis

a real or imaginary line about which an object rotates

άξονας

[ουσιαστικό]
calculus

the branch of mathematics that comprises differentials and integrals

λογισμός

[ουσιαστικό]
chaos theory

(mathematics) an interdisciplinary theory about complex systems that obey particular laws but appear to have little or no order

θεωρία του χάους

[ουσιαστικό]
congruent

(in geometry) describing shapes of the same size and form

σύμφωνος

[επίθετο]
decimal

(mathematics) a number less than one, called a fraction, that is represented as a period followed by the number of tenths, hundredths, etc.

δεκαδικός

[ουσιαστικό]
game theory

a branch of mathematics that studies the strategies of dealing with competitive situations involving conflict of interests, especially in business, war, etc.

θεωρία παιγνίων

[ουσιαστικό]
matrix

a rectangular array of numbers or symbols organized in rows and columns, commonly used in linear algebra for representing equations, transformations, and vector operations

μήτρα

[ουσιαστικό]
trigonometry

a branch of mathematics that deals with the relationships between the angles and sides of triangles

τριγωνομετρία

[ουσιαστικό]

the length of a straight line drawn from the center of a circle to any point on its outer boundary

ακτίνα

[ουσιαστικό]
parabola

(geometry) a symmetrical open curve that is similar to the path of an object thrown into the air passes till it falls back to earth

παραβολή

[ουσιαστικό]

the rate at which a quantity or dimension changes over a given distance or interval

κλίση

[ουσιαστικό]
equation

(mathematics) a statement indicating the equality between two values

εξίσωση

[ουσιαστικό]
circumference

(geometry) the length of the external boundary of a curved shape, especially a circle

περιφέρεια

[ουσιαστικό]
mean

(mathematics) the average value of a set of quantities calculated by adding them, and dividing them by the total number of the quantities

μέσο

[ουσιαστικό]
diameter

a straight line from one side of a round object, particularly a circle, passing through the center and joining the other side

διάμετρος

[ουσιαστικό]
coaxial

related to a configuration where two or more components share a common axis or same center point

ομοαξονικός

[επίθετο]
chronograph

a device used to measure and record precise time intervals

χρονογράφος

[ουσιαστικό]
to overhaul

to examine, repair, and make significant improvements or changes to something

επισκευάζοντας κάτι ή βελτιώνοντάς το

[ρήμα]
ohmmeter

a device used for measuring electrical resistance in a circuit, stated in ohms

ωμόμετρο

[ουσιαστικό]
microchip

a small piece of material that is a semiconductor, used to make an integrated circuit

μικροτσίπ

[ουσιαστικό]
lever

a long rigid bar that is put under a heavy object in order to move it

μοχλός

[ουσιαστικό]
insulator

a substance that doesn't conduct heat, sound, etc.

απομονωτήρας

[ουσιαστικό]
crank

a device that allows movement between mechanical parts of a machine or converts backward and forward motion into circular movement

στρόφαλος

[ουσιαστικό]
cardinal

(mathematics) the number of elements or members in a set, representing its size or quantity

πρωτεύων

[ουσιαστικό]
to cube

to multiply a value or number by itself two times

σχηματίζω κύβον

[ρήμα]
differential calculus

a branch of mathematics that focuses on studying rates of change and instantaneous variations through the concept of derivatives

διαφορικός λογισμός

[ουσιαστικό]
logarithm

a mathematical function that represents the exponent to which a fixed number, called the base, must be raised to produce a given number

λογάριθμος

[ουσιαστικό]
ordinal

a number that indicates the position of something in a sequence, such as third, second, etc.

τακτικός αριθμός

[ουσιαστικό]
power

(mathematics) the exponent in an expression, indicating how many times a base is multiplied by itself

εξουσία

[ουσιαστικό]
spectrum

the range of different wavelengths or frequencies of light or radiation

φάσμα

[ουσιαστικό]
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