You DO the Math!

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16 min
Essential Vocabulary for the GRE - You DO the Math!

Essential Vocabulary for the GRE
arithmetic
arithmeticnoun

a branch of mathematics that deals with addition, subtraction, multiplication, etc.

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asymmetrynoun

(geometry) a lack of symmetry or equivalence in shape or size between the two sides or parts of something

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axisnoun

a real or imaginary line about which an object rotates

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calculusnoun

the branch of mathematics that comprises differentials and integrals

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chaos theorynoun

(mathematics) an interdisciplinary theory about complex systems that obey particular laws but appear to have little or no order

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congruentadjective

(in geometry) describing shapes of the same size and form

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decimalnoun

(mathematics) a number less than one, called a fraction, that is represented as a period followed by the number of tenths, hundredths, etc.

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game theorynoun

a branch of mathematics that studies the strategies of dealing with competitive situations involving conflict of interests, especially in business, war, etc.

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matrixnoun

(mathematics) a rectangular array of quantities or expressions set out by rows and columns; treated as a single element and manipulated according to rules

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trigonometrynoun

the mathematics of triangles and trigonometric functions

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radiusnoun

a straight line drawn from the center of a circle to any point on its outer boundary; the length that this line has

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parabola
parabolanoun

(geometry) a symmetrical open curve that is similar to the path of an object thrown into the air passes till it falls back to earth

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gradientnoun

the rate of change of temperature, pressure, etc. between one part and another

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equationnoun

(mathematics) a statement indicating the equality between two values

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circumferencenoun

(geometry) the length of the external boundary of a curved shape, especially a circle

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meannoun

(mathematics) the average value of a set of quantities calculated by adding them, and dividing them by the total number of the quantities

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diameternoun

a straight line from one side of a round object, particularly a circle, passing through the center and joining the other side

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coaxialadjective

having a common axis

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chronographnoun

an accurate timer for recording time

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to overhaulverb

make repairs, renovations, revisions or adjustments to

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ohmmeternoun

a meter for measuring electrical resistance in ohms

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microchipnoun

a small piece of material that is a semiconductor, used to make an integrated circuit

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levernoun

a long rigid bar that is put under a heavy object in order to move it

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insulatornoun

a substance that doesn't conduct heat, sound, etc.

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cranknoun

a device that allows movement between mechanical parts of a machine or converts backward and forward motion into circular movement

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cardinalnoun

the number of elements in a mathematical set; denotes a quantity but not the order

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to cubeverb

to multiply a value or number by itself two times

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differential calculusnoun

the part of calculus that deals with the variation of a function with respect to changes in the independent variable (or variables) by means of the concepts of derivative and differential

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logarithmnoun

the exponent required to produce a given number

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ordinalnoun

a number that indicates the position of something in a sequence, such as third, second, etc.

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powernoun

a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself

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