Government as a Necessary Evil

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20 min
Advanced Vocabulary for the GRE - Government as a Necessary Evil

Advanced Vocabulary for the GRE
to abdicateverb

give up, such as power, as of monarchs and emperors, or duties and obligations

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to anointverb

choose by or as if by divine intervention

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to arrogateverb

to take control of something without any legal basis

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to capitulateverb

to stop resisting something and agreeing to it

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to cedeverb

relinquish possession or control over

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to concedeverb

to surrender something such as a privilege or right, often reluctantly

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to defenestrateverb

throw through or out of the window

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to dismiss
to dismissverb

to end the employment of someone by removing them from their job

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to fortifyverb

make strong or stronger

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to gerrymanderverb

divide unfairly and to one's advantage; of voting districts

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to kowtowverb

bend the knees and bow in a servile manner

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to machinateverb

engage in plotting or enter into a conspiracy, swear together

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to relegateverb

assign to a lower position; reduce in rank

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to rescindverb

to officially cancel a law, decision, or agreement

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to sapverb

deplete

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to spearheadverb

be the leader of

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to undermineverb

to gradually decrease the effectiveness, confidence, or power of something or someone

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artlessadjective

simple and natural; without cunning or deceit

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autonomousadjective

(of political bodies) not controlled by outside forces

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bellicoseadjective

displaying a willingness to start an argument, fight, or war

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byzantineadjective

highly complex or intricate and occasionally devious

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compliantadjective

too willing to obey rules or to agree to other people's demands

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magisterialadjective

offensively self-assured or given to exercising usually unwarranted power

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obsequiousadjective

attentive in an ingratiating or servile manner

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partisanadjective

devoted to a cause or party

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truculentadjective

defiantly aggressive

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artificenoun

a deceptive maneuver (especially to avoid capture)

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buffernoun

a neutral zone between two rival powers that is created in order to diminish the danger of conflict

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calumnynoun

a false accusation of an offense or a malicious misrepresentation of someone's words or actions

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dissolutionnoun

the formal ending of a business agreement, marriage, parliament, or organization

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graftnoun

the practice of offering something (usually money) in order to gain an illicit advantage

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jingoistnoun

an extreme bellicose nationalist

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juggernautnoun

a massive inexorable force that seems to crush everything in its way

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juntanoun

a group of military officers who rule a country after seizing power

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nabobnoun

a governor in India during the Mogul empire

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potentatenoun

a ruler who is unconstrained by law

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quislingnoun

someone who collaborates with an enemy occupying force

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recriminationnoun

mutual accusations

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sycophantnoun

a person who tries to please someone in order to gain a personal advantage

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