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CEFR C2 Vocabulary - Linguistics

Here you will learn all the essential words for talking about Linguistics, collected specifically for level C2 learners.

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CEFR C2 Vocabulary
prolixity
[noun]
the fact of having an excessive number of words that results in being tedious
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rhetoric
[noun]
the study of the rules and different methods of using language in a way that is effective
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epithet
[noun]
a word or phrase applied to something to convey its character or essence in a descriptive sense
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intertextuality
[noun]
the interconnectedness and referencing of texts, where one text refers to or influences another, creating layers of meaning and a complex web of relationships between texts
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imbrication
[noun]
the overlapping and blending of language elements, such as sounds or grammatical structures, within speech or writing
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apposition
[noun]
(grammar) the use of two adjacent noun phrases having the same referent that have the same syntactical role in a sentence
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portmanteau word
[noun]
a new word that is formed by the combination of two other words blending their meaning and sounds
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syntax
[noun]
(linguistics) the way in which words and phrases are arranged to form grammatical sentences in a language
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morpheme
[noun]
(linguistics) the smallest meaningful unit of a language that does not necessarily stand alone and cannot be divided
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semantics
[noun]
(linguistics) a branch of linguistics that deals with meaning, reference or truth
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lexicon
[noun]
the complete set of meaningful units in a language or a branch of knowledge, or words or phrases that a speaker uses
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anaphora
[noun]
(grammar) a word or phrase that refers to a preceding word or phrase
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polysemy
[noun]
the phenomenon in language where a single word has multiple related meanings or senses
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allophone
[noun]
a variant pronunciation of a phoneme, which can occur due to phonetic differences in specific contexts or environments within a language
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lexeme
[noun]
(linguistics) a basic linguistic unit that is meaningful and underlies a set of words which are related through inflection
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phoneme
[noun]
the smallest unit of sound in a language that can distinguish meaning, often represented by a specific symbol in phonetic notation
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hypernym
[noun]
a word that is more general and encompasses a broader category of related terms
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neologism
[noun]
the process of inventing a word
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suppletion
[noun]
the phenomenon in which an irregular form of a word, often a verb or adjective, is used instead of a regular form to express a different grammatical feature
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register
[noun]
(linguistics) a variety of language that is used in a particular social context, based on the communicative purpose and social status of the user
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metathesis
[noun]
a phonological process in which sounds or syllables in a word are rearranged or switched positions, resulting in a change in the order of phonemes or syllables within the word
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epenthesis
[noun]
a phonological process in which a sound or phoneme is inserted into a word, typically to break up a consonant cluster or improve phonotactic constraints
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reduplication
[noun]
the process of duplicating all or part of a word or morpheme to create a new form, often with a change in meaning or grammatical function
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clipping
[noun]
the process of shortening a word by dropping one or more syllables
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hypocorism
[noun]
a word-formation process in which a word or name is modified to create a shorter, affectionate, or informal version, often used to express familiarity, endearment, or intimacy
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tautology
[noun]
the redundant repetition of an idea using different words in a sentence or phrase
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vowel harmony
[noun]
a phonological process in which vowels within a word or across adjacent words become more similar or assimilate to each other in terms of certain phonetic features
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hyponym
[noun]
a word that represents a subset of a broader category
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synchronic
[adjective]
related to the study of a phenomena at a specific point in time, particularly in linguistics and social sciences, without considering historical changes
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diachronic
[adjective]
related to the study or analysis of phenomena or changes over time, particularly within linguistics or historical contexts
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