Weather

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16 min
Vocabulary for IELTS (Basic) - Lesson 17

Vocabulary for IELTS (Basic)
atmospherenoun

the different types of gases that surround the earth or other planets

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cloudy
cloudyadjective

with a lot of clouds; covered with clouds; full of clouds

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to floodverb

to become covered or filled by water

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to freeze
to freezeverb

(of the weather) to be very cold

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hurricane
hurricanenoun

a very strong storm in the Caribbean, with winds moving in a circle, which can cause damage

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lightning
lightningnoun

a bright flash, caused by electricity, in the sky or one that hits the ground from within the clouds

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to pourverb

to rain heavily and in a large amount

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rainfall
rainfallnoun

the amount or the event of rain falling in a particular area in a given time

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snowfall
snowfallnoun

the amount of snow that falls from the sky, or the time when it starts to snow during a period of time

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tornado
tornadonoun

a strong and dangerous type of wind, which is formed like a turning cone, usually causing damage

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avalanche
avalanchenoun

large amounts of snow falling from mountains

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blizzard
blizzardnoun

a storm with heavy snowfall and strong winds

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drought
droughtnoun

a long period of time when there is not much raining

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forecast
forecastnoun

a prediction of what will happen such as a change in the weather

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typhoon
typhoonnoun

a tropical storm with violent winds moving in a circle, occurring in West Pacific Ocean

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acid rainnoun

rain containing a great deal of acidic chemicals, caused by air pollution, which can harm the environment

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centigrade
centigradeadjective

related to or using a temperature scale on which water boils at 100° and freezes at 0°

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cyclone
cyclonenoun

a violent storm with winds moving in circles

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downpour
downpournoun

a brief heavy rainfall

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Fahrenheit
Fahrenheitadjective

related to or using a temperature scale on which water boils at 212° and freezes at 32°

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frost
frostnoun

a weather condition during which the temperature drops below the freezing point and thin layers of ice are formed on the surfaces

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monsoon
monsoonnoun

a period in the summer during which wind blows and rain falls in India or other hot South Asian countries

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heat wave
heat wavenoun

a period of hot weather, usually hotter and longer than before

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humidity
humiditynoun

the quality or condition of being humid

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mist
mistnoun

a thin cloud of tiny drops of water or condensed vapor close to the ground or a water surface

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thunder
thundernoun

the loud crackling noise that is heard from the sky during a storm

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vapornoun

extremely small drops of liquid in the air, resulted from the heating of the liquid

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torrentnoun

a powerful stream of water or other liquid that moves very fast

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to showerverb

to rain or snow as if in a shower

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celsius
celsiusnoun

Swedish astronomer who devised the centigrade thermometer (1701-1744)

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