Family and Relationships

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18 min
Vocabulary for IELTS (Basic) - Lesson 1

Vocabulary for IELTS (Basic)
sibling
siblingnoun

one's brother or sister

1
spouse
spousenoun

one's husband or wife

2
adolescencenoun

a period in one's life between puberty and adulthood

3
toddler
toddlernoun

a young child who is starting to learn how to walk

4
bond
bondnoun

a relationship formed between people or groups based on mutual experiences, ideas, feelings, etc.

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fatherhood
fatherhoodnoun

the state of being a father to a child or children

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brotherhoodnoun

the relationship between two or more brothers

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motherhood
motherhoodnoun

the state of being a mother to a child or children

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childhood
childhoodnoun

the state of being a child

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pensioner
pensionernoun

a retired person who gets an amount of money each month, called pension, usually from the government

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upbringingnoun

the way that our parents care for us or teach us to behave in our childhood

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acquaintancenoun

a person whom one knows but is not a close friend

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conflict
conflictnoun

an instance of serious opposition between ideas, values, or interests

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mother-in-lawnoun

the mother of one's husband or wife

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father-in-lawnoun

the father of one's husband or wife

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brother-in-lawnoun

the brother of one's wife or husband; the husband of one's sister or sister-in-law

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sister-in-lawnoun

the sister of one's wife or husband; the wife of one's brother or brother-in-law

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to adoptverb

to take someone's child into one's family and become their legal parent

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ancestornoun

a blood relative who lived a long time ago, usually before one's grandparents

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to annulverb

to officially cancel a marriage

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breakup
breakupnoun

the end of a relationship or an association

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close-knitadjective

(a group of people) having a strong friendly relationship with shared interests

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descendantnoun

someone who shares the same blood with a specific person who lived many years ago

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custodynoun

the legal right to take care of someone or to possess something

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nuclear family
nuclear familynoun

a family consisting of two parents and their children, but not any other relatives

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extended familynoun

a large family group consisting of parents and children that might also include grandparents, aunts, or uncles

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blended familynoun

a family in which the parents live with the children from their own relationship along with the children from previous ones

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generationnoun

a group of people of about the same age partaking in a certain activity

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godparentnoun

someone who takes the responsibility of a child's Christian upbringing at the baptism ceremony

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to inheritverb

to receive money, property, etc. from someone after their death

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kinshipnoun

the relationship between the members of a family

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orphannoun

a child whose parents have died

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stepparentnoun

someone who is married to either one of our parents but is not our real parent

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divorceenoun

someone whose marriage is legally ended; a divorced person

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