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Words for Basic IELTS - Lesson 1

Here you will learn some English words about family and relationships, such as "sibling", "motherhood", "acquaintance", etc. that are needed for the IELTS exam.

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Words for Basic IELTS
sibling
[noun]
one's brother or sister
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spouse
[noun]
a male or female partner in a marriage
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adolescence
[noun]
a period in one's life between puberty and adulthood
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toddler
[noun]
a young child who is starting to learn how to walk
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bond
[noun]
a relationship formed between people or groups based on mutual experiences, ideas, feelings, etc.
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fatherhood
[noun]
the state of being a father to a child or children
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brotherhood
[noun]
the relationship between two or more brothers
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motherhood
[noun]
the state of being a mother to a child or children
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childhood
[noun]
the state of being a child
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pensioner
[noun]
a retired person who gets an amount of money each month, called pension, usually from the government
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upbringing
[noun]
the way that our parents care for us or teach us to behave in our childhood
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acquaintance
[noun]
a person whom one knows but is not a close friend
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conflict
[noun]
an instance of serious opposition between ideas, values, or interests
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mother-in-law
[noun]
someone who is the mother of a person's wife or husband
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father-in-law
[noun]
someone who is the father of a person's wife or husband
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brother-in-law
[noun]
the person who is the brother of one's spouse
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sister-in-law
[noun]
the person who is the sister of one's spouse
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to adopt
[verb]
to take someone's child into one's family and become their legal parent
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ancestor
[noun]
a blood relative who lived a long time ago, usually before one's grandparents
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to annul
[verb]
to officially cancel a marriage
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breakup
[noun]
the end of a relationship or an association
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close-knit
[adjective]
(a group of people) having a strong friendly relationship with shared interests
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descendant
[noun]
someone who shares the same blood with a specific person who lived many years ago
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custody
[noun]
the legal right to keep a thing or to take care of a person
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nuclear family
[noun]
a family consisting of two parents and their children, but not any other relatives
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extended family
[noun]
a large family group consisting of parents and children that might also include grandparents, aunts, or uncles
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blended family
[noun]
a family in which the parents live with the children from their own relationship along with the children from previous ones
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generation
[noun]
a group of people belonging to a particular age group or time period partaking in a certain activity
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godparent
[noun]
someone who takes responsibility and raises someone else's child in Christian faith
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to inherit
[verb]
to receive money, property, etc. from someone who has passed away
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kinship
[noun]
the relationship between the members of a family
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orphan
[noun]
a child whose parents have died
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stepparent
[noun]
someone who is married to either one of our parents but is not our real parent
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divorcee
[noun]
a woman who has undergone a divorce, indicating that she was previously married but is now legally separated from her spouse
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