Language and Grammar

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16 min
Vocabulary for IELTS (Basic) - Lesson 18

Vocabulary for IELTS (Basic)
abbreviationnoun

the shortened form of a word, etc.

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active voicenoun

(grammar) the voice in which the subject is the agent that does the action of the verb

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adverbialnoun

(grammar) a word or phrase that adds more information to another word in sense of time, manner, degree or cause

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apostrophenoun

the symbol ' used in writing to show possession or omission of letters or numbers

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articlenoun

(grammar) any type of determiner that shows whether we are referring to a particular thing or a general example of something

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auxiliary verbnoun

a verb that is used with other verbs to indicate tense, voice, etc., such as do, have, and be

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clausenoun

(grammar) a group of words containing a subject and a verb, usually part of a sentence

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conjunctionnoun

(grammar) a word such as and, because, but, and or that connects phrases, sentences, or words

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contractionnoun

a short form of a word or a group of words used instead of the full form

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determinernoun

(grammar) a word coming before a noun or noun phrase to specify its denotation

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exclamation marknoun

the symbol ! that marks an interjection, which is a word or phrase indicating surprise, anger, excitement, etc.

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grammaticaladjective

connected to the rules or the study of grammar

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imperative verbnoun

(grammar) a verb or verb phrase that expresses an order to do something

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intonationnoun

(phonetics) the rising and falling of the voice when speaking

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intransitive verbnoun

(grammar) a verb without a direct object

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transitive verbnoun

(grammar) a verb that needs a direct object

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part of speechnoun

(grammar) any of the grammatical classes that words are categorized into, based on their usage in a sentence

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passive voicenoun

(in grammar) the form of a verb used when the grammatical subject is affected by the action of the verb, rather than performing it

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periodnoun

the symbol . used to mark the end of a sentence or an abbreviation

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prefixnoun

(grammar) a letter or a set of letters that are added to the beginning of a word to alter its meaning and make a new word

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suffixnoun

(grammar) a letter or a set of letters that are added to the end of a word to alter its meaning and make a new word

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reflexiveadjective

(grammar) describing a word that indicates that the action of the verb affects the agent performing it

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relativeadjective

(grammar) referring to a noun, clause or sentence that has come before

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to quoteverb

to say or repeat the exact sentence or group of words someone else used in a movie, book, etc.

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proper nounnoun

(grammar) the name of a place, person, country, etc. with its first letter capitalized

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common nounnoun

(grammar) a noun that refers to an object or a concept of a class but not to a particular one

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quotation marknoun

either of the symbols " " or ' ' used before and after a word or words to indicate the beginning and the end of a title or quoted remark, or to mark a jargon

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objectnoun

(grammar) a noun or noun phrase that is affected by the action of the verb, or is followed by a preposition

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abstract nounnoun

(grammar) a noun that denotes a general quality or an idea, rather than a physical object or real world event

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accentnoun

an emphasis given to a particular syllable of a word, part of a sentence, or note in a set of musical notes

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