The environment

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18 min
Vocabulary for IELTS (General) - Lesson 19

Vocabulary for IELTS (General)
to consumeverb

(of fire) to destroy something completely

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environmentaladjective

relating to the natural world and the human impact on it

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toxic
toxicadjective

containing or related to poison

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to pollute
to polluteverb

to damage the environment by releasing harmful chemicals or substances to the air, water, or land

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renewableadjective

describing a natural resource that can be replaced in an infinite way

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resource
resourcenoun

(usually plural) a country's gas, oil, trees, etc. that are considered valuable and therefore can be sold to gain wealth

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turbine
turbinenoun

a machine or engine that produces power from the pressure of a liquid or gas on a turning wheel, called a rotor

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solar panelnoun

a piece of equipment, often installed on the roof of a building, which uses light and heat energy from the sun for generating electricity or heating

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wastenoun

the act of putting a resource to wrong use

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alternativeadjective

available as an option for something else

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fuel
fuelnoun

any substance that can produce energy or heat when burned

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deforestation
deforestationnoun

the action of removing the trees from an area completely

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diversitynoun

a range of things or people that are significantly different from each other

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ecology
ecologynoun

the scientific study of the environment or the interrelation of living creatures and the way they affect each other

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ecosystem
ecosystemnoun

all the organisms that live in a particular area, the way they affect each other and their environment considered as a whole

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habitat
habitatnoun

the place or area in which certain animals, birds, or plants exist

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to reserveverb

to set something aside and keep it for future use

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sustainableadjective

using natural resources in a way that causes no harm to the environment

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landslide
landslidenoun

a sudden fall of a large mass of dirt or rock down a mountainside or cliff

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landfill
landfillnoun

a piece of land under which waste material is buried

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fossil fuel
fossil fuelnoun

a fuel that is found in nature and obtained from the remains of plants and animals that died millions of years ago, such as coal and gas

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to erupt
to eruptverb

(of a volcano) to explode and send smoke, lava, rocks, etc. into the sky

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environmentalist
environmentalistnoun

a person who is concerned with the environment and tries to protect it

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conservationnoun

the protection of the natural environment and resources from wasteful human activities

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acid rainnoun

rain containing a great deal of acidic chemicals, caused by air pollution, which can harm the environment

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to contaminate
to contaminateverb

to make a place, substance, etc. dirty or harmful by adding dangerous material

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disposalnoun

the act of getting rid of waste material

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fumesnoun

smoke or gas with a strong and unpleasant smell that is dangerous to breathe in

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radioactiveadjective

containing or relating to a dangerous form of energy produced by nuclear reactions

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carbon footprintnoun

the amount of carbon dioxide that an organization or person releases into the atmosphere

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climate crisis
climate crisisnoun

an urgent situation in which proper action must be taken to remove the threats done to the environment

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eco-friendlyadjective

causing or having little to no harm to the environment

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green beltnoun

a strip of open land around a city where building is prohibited in order to protect the environment

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to wasteverb

to use something without care or more than needed

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