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Words Related to Health and Sickness - Medical Conditions

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Words Related to Health and Sickness
alcoholism
[noun]
a medical condition caused by drinking an excessive amounts of alcohol on a regular basis
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allergy
[noun]
a medical condition in which one's body severely reacts to a specific substance if it is inhaled, touched, or ingested
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alopecia
[noun]
a medical condition characterized by hair loss or baldness, which can occur on the scalp or other parts of the body
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amenorrhoea
[noun]
the absence or abnormal cessation of menstruation in women of reproductive age
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amnesia
[noun]
a severe medical condition that leads to partial or complete loss of memory
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anaphylactic shock
[noun]
Severe, life-threatening allergic reaction causing rapid onset, breathing difficulty, low blood pressure, and potential loss of consciousness
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anaphylaxis
[noun]
severe and life-threatening allergic reaction with rapid and serious symptoms
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aphasia
[noun]
a language disorder resulting from brain damage or injury that impairs an individual's ability to understand, produce, and use language
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arteriosclerosis
[noun]
hardening and thickening of arteries, restricting blood flow and increasing the risk of cardiovascular issues
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brain death
[noun]
complete and permanent loss of all brain functions, indicating irreversible cessation of activity
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catarrh
[noun]
a medical condition during which mucus accumulates in one's nose, throat, or sinuses and blocks them
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cleft palate
[noun]
a congenital condition where there is an opening or gap in the roof of the mouth, often present from birth
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congestion
[noun]
a condition where an excess amount of blood or other fluid accumulates in a part of the body, leading to swelling or discomfort
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deep vein thrombosis
[noun]
a severe medical condition caused by a blood clot that is formed in one or more of the deep veins in one's body, particularly in one's legs
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delirium tremens
[noun]
a serious alcohol withdrawal condition causing confusion, hallucinations, and tremors
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diabetes
[noun]
a serious medical condition in which the body is unable to regulate the blood sugar levels because it does not produce enough insulin
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coronary thrombosis
[noun]
a severe medical condition during which a blood clot in a coronary artery causes a blockage in the flow of blood that leads to heart
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anemia
[noun]
a condition in which the number of healthy red blood cells or hemoglobin in one's body is low
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exposure
[noun]
a serious medical condition caused by being out in extreme cold for very long without protection to the effects of harsh weather
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fever
[noun]
a condition when the body temperature rises, usually when we are sick
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gallstone
[noun]
a solid particle that forms in the gallbladder, often composed of cholesterol or bilirubin, causing pain or other symptoms
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gangrene
[noun]
a chronic condition during which tissues in one's body die as a result of an obstruction in circulation or a bacterial infection
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hemorrhoids
[noun]
swollen and painful veins in the lower part of the anus and rectum
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heart failure
[noun]
a medical condition where the heart is unable to pump blood efficiently, leading to symptoms such as fatigue, shortness of breath, and fluid retention
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heatstroke
[noun]
a serious condition that happens when the body gets too hot due to a lengthly exposure to high temperatures
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hernia
[noun]
a condition in which part of an organ squeezes through an opening in the muscle or tissue that holds it in place
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bronchitis
[noun]
a condition when the tubes that carry air to one's lungs get infectious
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hyperglycaemia
[noun]
a medical condition characterized by higher than normal levels of blood glucose, often associated with diabetes or other underlying health issues
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hypoglycaemia
[noun]
a medical condition characterized by lower than normal levels of blood glucose, often associated with diabetes or excessive insulin
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hypothermia
[noun]
a medical condition where the body loses heat faster than it can generate it, resulting in a dangerously low body temperature
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hysteria
[noun]
a medical condition in which a person suddenly feels extreme emotions or makes them violent in a way that they cannot control it
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immunodeficiency
[noun]
a condition where the immune system is weakened, making the person more vulnerable to infections and illnesses
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insomnia
[noun]
a disorder in which one is unable to sleep or stay asleep
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malnutrition
[noun]
a condition in which a person does not have enough food or good food to eat in order to stay healthy
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migraine
[noun]
a severe recurring type of headache, particularly affecting one side of the head, and often causing visual disturbances and nausea
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narcolepsy
[noun]
a neurological condition causing sudden, uncontrollable episodes of sleep, often accompanied by muscle weakness or vivid dreams
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necrosis
[noun]
a type of cell death that occurs due to injury, infection, inflammation, or other forms of cellular stress
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obesity
[noun]
the state of being very fat in an unhealthy way
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osteoporosis
[noun]
a medical condition characterized by weakened bones, making them fragile and more prone to fractures
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paraplegia
[noun]
a type of paralysis that affects the legs and the lower body as the result of spinal cord damage
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peptic ulcer
[noun]
an open sore in the stomach or upper part of the small intestine caused by stomach acid erosion, often leading to abdominal pain and discomfort
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inflammation
[noun]
a physical condition in which a part of the body becomes swollen, painful, and red as a result of an infection or injury
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sepsis
[noun]
a severe, life-threatening response to infection causing widespread inflammation and potential organ failure
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slipped disc
[noun]
a painful condition resulting from one of the discs in one's spine moving out of its proper position
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sudden infant death syndrome
[noun]
the unexplained and sudden death of an otherwise healthy infant, usually during sleep
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thrombosis
[noun]
a severe medical condition in which the blood clots and blocks the blood vessels, particularly those leading to one's heart
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fetal alcohol syndrome
[noun]
a severe medical condition resulting from excessive consumption of alcohol during pregnancy that can cause the child to be born with birth defects and developmental disabilities
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laryngitis
[noun]
a severe medical condition during which voice cords in one's voice box become painful and swollen, often resulting in loss of the voice or having difficulty breathing
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snow-blindness
[noun]
a condition of being temporarily unable to see due to one's eyes being exposed to ultraviolet rays reflected off snow or ice
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breathlessness
[noun]
a condition that makes one breath too fast or with difficulty
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cataract
[noun]
a medical condition characterized by the progressive clouding or opacity of the lens of the eye, resulting in blurred vision
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toxemia
[noun]
abnormal pregnancy condition marked by high blood pressure, swelling, and protein in the urine, often known as preeclampsia
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scurvy
[noun]
a disease caused by severe lack of vitamin C
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emphysema
[noun]
a chronic respiratory condition where the air sacs in the lungs are damaged, leading to difficulty in exhaling air and causing shortness of breath
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diarrhea
[noun]
a medical condition in which body waste turns to liquid and comes out frequently
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atrophy
[noun]
the gradual wasting away or shrinkage of a body tissue or organ, typically due to lack of use, injury, or a medical condition
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heart attack
[noun]
a medical emergency that happens when blood flow to the heart is suddenly blocked, which is fatal in some cases
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altitude sickness
[noun]
an illness resulting from reduced air pressure and oxygen at high altitudes, causing symptoms like headache and nausea
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seasickness
[noun]
wooziness and nausea caused by the rocking motion of a boat or ship
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sunstroke
[noun]
an illness characterized by high fever and caused by prolonged exposure to excessive heat or sunlight
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stroke
[noun]
a dangerous condition in which a person loses consciousness as a result of a blood vessel breaking open or becoming blocked in their brain, which could kill or paralyze a part of their body
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cardiac arrest
[noun]
a sudden and abrupt loss of heart function, leading to the cessation of blood circulation and vital organ function
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myocardial infarction
[noun]
a heart attack, occurring when blood flow to part of the heart muscle is blocked, causing damage or death to the affected tissue
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infarction
[noun]
the death of tissue, typically caused by a lack of blood supply, leading to irreversible damage
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hemorrhage
[noun]
an excessive and uncontrollable loss of blood from a damaged blood vessel
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