The Planet Earth

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18 min
Vocabulary for IELTS (General) - Lesson 32

Vocabulary for IELTS (General)
planet
planetnoun

a huge round object that moves in an orbit, around the Sun or any other star

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globe
globenoun

the world; the planet that we live on

2
America
Americanoun

any of the continents between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, located in North, Central, and South America

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Antarctic
Antarcticnoun

the extremely cold region surrounding the South Pole

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Antarctica
Antarcticanoun

the most southern continent where the South Pole is situated

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Arctic
Arcticnoun

the frozen regions surrounding the North Pole

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Australasianoun

the region including Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea and some islands in the South-West Pacific

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climate
climatenoun

the typical weather conditions of a particular region

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colonynoun

any territory under the full or partial control of another more powerful nation, often occupied by settlers from that nation

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continentnoun

any of the large land masses of the Earth surrounded by sea such as Europe, Africa or Asia

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Dominionnoun

any of the nations of the British Commonwealth or empire that had their own government

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Far Eastnoun

the countries located in eastern and southeastern Asia such as China, Japan, South Korea, etc.

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empirenoun

the states or countries that are ruled by a single government or monarch, under a single authority

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hemispherenoun

one half of the earth divided by the equator

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Latin Americanoun

the parts of the Americas including Mexico, Central and South America that the main languages are Spanish and Portuguese

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Low Countriesnoun

the coastal region in Northwestern Europe consisting of the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg

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Mediterraneannoun

the sea that is to the south of Europe, north of the North Africa and west of the Western Asia or the countries surrounding it

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Middle Eastnoun

the region including countries such as Egypt, Iran, Turkey, etc. that has Mediterranean Sea to its west and India to its east

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New Worldnoun

a term used to refer to the Central, North and South America, in the past

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North Pole
North Polenoun

the northernmost point of the Earth's axis

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Occidentnoun

the western countries in Europe and America

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Orientnoun

regions or countries located in the eastern part of the world, especially Asian countries

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Old Worldnoun

parts of the world that were known before the discovery of America, including Europe, Asia and Africa

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polenoun

the most northern or most southern points of the earth that are joined by its axis of rotation

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subcontinentnoun

a vast region that forms part of a continent, especially the part of Asia that includes India, Pakistan and Bangladesh

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subtropicsnoun

the regions of earth near the two tropics

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zone
zonenoun

a part on the surface of the Earth marked by specific coordinates

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Anglo-Saxonadjective

of or relating to the Anglo-Saxons or their language

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continentaladjective

from or relating to the continent of Europe, except the British Isles

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cosmopolitanadjective

having a worldwide scope rather than a local or limited one

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Mother Earthnoun

the Earth as source of all life

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Atlantic Rimnoun

the countries next to the Atlantic Ocean, especially on the north side

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developing countrynoun

a country that is seeking industrial development and is moving away from an economic system that is based mainly on agriculture

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anglophoneadjective

English-speaking, especially in a country in which more than one language is spoken

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coast to coastadjective

going or airing through an entire continent or country

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