A Drop in the Ocean

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20 min
Essential Vocabulary for the GRE - A Drop in the Ocean

Essential Vocabulary for the GRE
archipelagonoun

a large collection of islands or the sea surrounding them

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swampnoun

an area of land that is covered with water or is always very wet

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reservoirnoun

a lake, either natural or artificial, from which water is supplied to houses

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precipicenoun

a very steep cliff

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peninsulanoun

a large body of land that is partially surrounded by water but is attached to a larger area of land

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pinnaclenoun

a lofty peak

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brooknoun

a natural stream of water smaller than a river (and often a tributary of a river)

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depositnoun

a layer of matter that has been accumulated, particularly by a body of water

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equatorialadjective

of or existing at or near the geographic equator

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glacialadjective

relating to or derived from a glacier

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moorlandnoun

an open and high land covered with grass, bushes and heather

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terrainnoun

an area of land, particularly in reference to its physical or natural features

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wharfnoun

a platform built out from the shore into the water and supported by piles; provides access to ships and boats

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vale
valenoun

a long depression in the surface of the land that usually contains a river

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aridadjective

(of land or a climate) very dry because of not having enough or any rain

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cascade
cascadenoun

a small steep waterfall, usually one of several others

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leveenoun

an embankment that is built in order to prevent a river from overflowing

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canopynoun

*** the uppermost trees or branches of the trees in a forest, forming a more or less continuous layer of foliage

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floranoun

all the plant life in a particular region or period

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foliagenoun

a plant or tree's branches and leaves collectively

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fungusnoun

a plant-like organism that often grows on organic matter and has no flowers or leaves, such as moulds and mushrooms

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perennialadjective

lasting three seasons or more

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to pollinateverb

to deposit pollen on a plant or flower so that it can produce new seeds

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saplingnoun

a small and young tree

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shootnoun

a new growth on a tree or plant; the part of a plant that starts to appear above the ground because it is growing

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to sproutverb

(of a seed or plant) to begin growing; to produce new leaves or shoots

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biodegradableadjective

(of an object) able to be broken down by living organisms such as bacteria, which is then safe for the environment

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to contaminate
to contaminateverb

to make a place, substance, etc. dirty or harmful by adding dangerous material

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ecologicaladjective

related to the connection between animals, plants, and humans and their environment

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effluentnoun

sewage or liquid waste discharged into rivers, lakes, or the sea

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zero-emissionadjective

(of a vehicle) not producing gases harmful to the environment

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low-impactadjective

*** ‌not causing very many problems or changes, especially in the environment

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flurrynoun

a small amount of rain, snow, etc. that moves in a quick and whirling way and lasts only for a short period of time

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gale
galenoun

a very powerful wind

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horizonnoun

the line where the sky and earth seem to come in contact with each other

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monsoon
monsoonnoun

a period in the summer during which wind blows and rain falls in India or other hot South Asian countries

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thawnoun

a period during which the weather becomes warmer causing snow and ice to melt

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arableadjective

having the capacity to be used to grow crops

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cultivation
cultivationnoun

(agriculture) production of food by preparing the land to grow crops (especially on a large scale)

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