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Words Related to Architecture and Construction - Medieval Architecture

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Words Related to Architecture and Construction
tracery
[noun]
the ornamental stonework or decorative patterns of interlacing shapes and lines, typically found in Gothic architecture
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garth
[noun]
an enclosed courtyard or garden, typically surrounded by buildings or walls
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boss
[noun]
a decorative protruding knob or ornament found at the intersection of ribs in vaulted ceilings or at the center of a ceiling or arch
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cresset
[noun]
a decorative or functional vessel for holding burning material, used for lighting purposes
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butress
[noun]
a supportive structure in architecture, often in the form of a projecting wall or pillar, used to reinforce and stabilize a building
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tympanum
[noun]
the semi-circular or triangular space enclosed by the lintel and arch above a doorway, often decorated with sculptural reliefs or intricate designs
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fan tracery
[noun]
a decorative architectural feature commonly found in Gothic architecture, characterized by a fan-like pattern of interlocking stone ribs or wooden beams that create intricate vaulted ceilings or window designs
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turret
[noun]
a small tower attached on top of a castle, large building, or wall
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battlement
[noun]
a low wall with alternating raised sections and indentations built along the top of a fortified structure for defensive purposes
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machicolation
[noun]
an architectural feature commonly found in medieval fortifications, consisting of openings or holes in the floor or wall that allowed defenders to drop projectiles or pour boiling substances on attackers below
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belfry
[noun]
a chamber or compartment in a tower or building where bells are stored or rung
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arrow slit
[noun]
a narrow vertical opening in medieval fortifications for shooting arrows
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hoarding
[noun]
a temporary wooden fence or barricade erected for protection or construction purposes
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lantern
[noun]
a small, decorative structure with windows that allow light to enter and illuminate the surrounding area
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bartizan
[noun]
a small, turret-like structure typically found on the corners or edges of a fortified building, often used for observation or defense
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bell tower
[noun]
a tall structure designed to house and ring bells, serving as a prominent architectural feature and often associated with religious or civic buildings
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guardroom
[noun]
a designated space or building where guards or sentries are stationed to perform security duties and maintain surveillance over a specific area or entrance
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gatehouse
[noun]
a fortified structure or building that serves as an entrance or gateway to a larger complex, such as a castle or estate, often featuring defensive features such as towers, walls, and gates
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moat
[noun]
a wide and deep hole, often filled with water, that is dug around a castle and used as an extra protection against attack of enemies
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counterguard
[noun]
a defensive fortification or rampart that is positioned in front of or outside the main fortification, providing an additional layer of protection and serving as a barrier against enemy attacks
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glacis
[noun]
a sloping earthwork or artificial slope in front of a fortification or defensive structure, designed to protect it from direct enemy fire and to make it more difficult for attackers to approach
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chemin de ronde
[noun]
a raised walkway or path built along the top of a defensive wall or fortification, allowing guards to patrol and monitor the perimeter for potential threats
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hornwork
[noun]
an outwork fortification that is shaped like a horn or crescent and is typically located in front of a main fortification or entrance
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keep
[noun]
the central fortified tower or stronghold within a castle or fortification
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fortification
[noun]
a defensive structure or system constructed to protect an area or position from enemy attacks, typically including walls, towers, and other defensive elements
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portcullis
[noun]
a heavy, vertically sliding gate or barrier made of metal or wood, typically found in medieval fortifications, that is used to control access to a castle, fortress, or other fortified structure
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barbican
[noun]
a fortified entrance structure for protection and control
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bastion
[noun]
a fortified structure extending from a wall, typically angled, for defensive purposes
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embrasure
[noun]
an opening or loophole in a fortification or wall, usually in the form of a narrow vertical slit, designed for observation or the discharge of weapons
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sally port
[noun]
a secure gate or entrance in a fortification or defensive wall that allows for controlled entry and exit, often used for sallies or sorties during a siege
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ravelin
[noun]
a triangular or polygonal fortification with a raised platform located outside the main defensive walls of a fortress, used to defend the approach and provide additional protection against enemy attacks
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curtain tower
[noun]
a tower located within the walls of a castle or fortress, used to provide additional space for soldiers or for storing weapons and supplies
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cusp
[noun]
the point or curve formed by the intersection of two arcs or curves, commonly seen in the tracery of Gothic architecture
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great hall
[noun]
a large, grand room within a building, often found in medieval castles or palaces, used for dining, entertaining, and important gatherings
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ball-flower
[noun]
a decorative motif or ornament in the shape of a small spherical bud or flower, typically found in Gothic architecture
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brattishing
[noun]
a decorative architectural feature that involves creating a sequence of small projecting elements in a repeating pattern along the top of a parapet or gable
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trefoil
[noun]
a decorative architectural element or design motif consisting of three overlapping circles or lobes, often used in Gothic architecture and representing the leaves of a clover
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citadel
[noun]
a stronghold into which people could go for shelter during a battle
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dungeon
[noun]
a guarded dark underground space usually in a castle, used to keep prisoners
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watchtower
[noun]
a tall structure or building used for observation and surveillance, often associated with defensive or strategic purposes
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motte-and-bailey castle
[noun]
an old fortified castle that is surrounded by an outer wall and is located on a small hill
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postern
[noun]
a small gate or door, often found in the walls of a fortification or castle, providing a secondary or discreet entrance or exit
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