Relating to Physical Illnesses and Conditions 1

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24 min
Health and Sickness - Relating to Physical Illnesses and Conditions 1

Health and Sickness
abnormalitynoun

‌an unusual feature in someone's body or behavior that may be harmful, caused by duplication or deletion of a single gene

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to ache
to acheverb

to feel a prolonged physical pain in a part of one's body, especially one that is not severe

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ache
achenoun

a continuous, but dull (not acute) feeling of pain in a part of the body

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achyadjective

experiencing a consistent yet dull physical pain in a part of one's body

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acnenoun

a skin condition in which small red spots appear on the face or the neck, mainly affecting teenagers

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acuteadjective

(of an illness) suddenly becoming severe but for a short time

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affliction
afflictionnoun

a state of pain, suffering, or discomfort

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to aggravateverb

to make a disease or medical condition worse or more serious

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agony
agonynoun

severe physical or mental pain

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aggressiveadjective

(of sickness or disease) tending to spread in a rapid manner

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to ailverb

to make someone physically sick or to cause mental trouble

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ailing
ailingadjective

in a bad state due to suffering from an illness or injury

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ailment
ailmentnoun

a minor illness

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allergicadjective

affected by an allergy to a substance

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allergynoun

a medical condition in which one's body severely reacts to a specific substance if it is inhaled, touched, or ingested

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anemicadjective

relating to or suffering from anemia (having decreased number of blood cells circulating the body and carrying oxygen)

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asthmaticnoun

someone who is suffering from asthma (having decreased number of blood cells circulating the body and carrying oxygen)

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at death’s doorphrase

used to describe someone who is about to die

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attacknoun

an onset of a disease that is severe and often sudden in nature

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bad
badadjective

(of a person) sick or unwell

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bedriddenadjective

having to stay in bed, usually for a long time, due to illness or injury

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bedsorenoun

injuries to areas of skin and underlying tissue, usually over a bony prominence, as a result of prolonged pressure on the skin

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benignadjective

(of a tumor or disease) not being harmful or fatal

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to be sickverb

the reflex act of disgorging the contents of the stomach through the mouth

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boutnoun

a short period during which someone is suffering from an illness or disease

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breathlessadjective

unable to breathe easily

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breathlessnessnoun

a condition that makes one breath too fast or with difficulty

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bugnoun

a fairly mild yet infectious illness that is caused by a virus or bacteria

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burnoutnoun

‌the state of being physically tired after working too hard or mentally exhausted after a prolonged period of stress

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cancerousadjective

showing characteristics of cancer or being affected by cancer

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cardiacadjective

of or relating to the heart

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carriernoun

a person or animal that carries a disease, without suffering from it themselves, and transmits to other people or animals

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catarrhnoun

a medical condition during which mucus accumulates in one's nose, throat, or sinuses and blocks them

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to catchverb

to get sick, usually with bacteria or a virus

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catchingadjective

(of disease or illness) likely to be transmitted from one person to another

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celiacadjective

affected by or belonging to celiac disease, a serious autoimmune disease and a digestive disorder that is triggered by eating foods that contain gluten

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chillnoun

a feeling of cold accompanied by shivering and shaking, caused by an increase in chemical activity within the body

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chronicadjective

(of an illness) difficult to cure and long-lasting

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to collapse
to collapseverb

(of a person) to fall and usually become unconscious due to illness

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collapsenoun

a situation in which a person suddenly falls down or loses consciousness because of tiredness or an illness

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comanoun

a state of deep unconsciousness, typically of a long duration and caused by a serious injury or severe illness

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comatoseadjective

being in a state of coma or relating to coma

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to come down withverb

to start having an illness

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community spreadnoun

the spread of an illness or disease, particularly a contagious one, for which the source of infection is unknown

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to complain ofverb

to state that one feels ill or one's body part is in pain

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complaintnoun

a symptom or a bodily disorder that causes discontent, about which the patient seeks medical assistance

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to be down withphrase

to have or get infected with a disease

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