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Words Related to Health and Sickness - Specific Diseases

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Words Related to Health and Sickness
bilharzia
[noun]
a parasitic infection transmitted through contaminated freshwater
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chronic fatigue syndrome
[noun]
a disorder characterized by severe fatigue that is not relieved by rest, along with other symptoms like pain, cognitive problems, and sleep disturbances
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AIDS
[noun]
a serious disease caused by a virus that attacks the body's immune system and weakens it, can cause death in severe cases
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encephalitis
[noun]
the inflammation of the brain, often caused by viral infections, leading to symptoms such as fever, headache, and altered mental function
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glaucoma
[noun]
an eye condition characterized by increased pressure within the eye, which can lead to optic nerve damage and vision loss if not treated
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polio
[noun]
a disabling and life-threatening disease that causes nerve injuries leading to permanent paralysis, happens mostly in children younger than 5
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rabies
[noun]
a viral disease of mammals, particularly dogs that is usually passed to humans through the bite of an infected animal
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sleeping sickness
[noun]
a tropical disease transmitted by tsetse flies, causing fever, headaches, and etc.
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thrush
[noun]
a fungal infection, often causing white patches and discomfort in areas like the mouth, diaper region, or genitals
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cancer
[noun]
a serious disease caused by the uncontrolled growth of cells in a part of the body that may spread to other parts
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Alzheimer's disease
[noun]
a progressive neurologic disorder, particularly affecting older people, that slowly destroys brain cells and causes thinking ability and memory to deteriorate over time
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lou gehrig's disease
[noun]
a progressive neurodegenerative disease that mainly affects motor neurons of the spinal cord which causes weakness in muscles and eventually causes paralysis and early death
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pellagra
[noun]
a disease caused by severe vitamin B3 or niacin deficiency and characterized by skin changes, mental symptoms, and diarrhea
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mad cow disease
[noun]
a fatal neurological disease that affects cattle and can occasionally be transmitted to humans as well
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Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
[noun]
a rare and potentially fatal disease that primarily affects the brain and causes brain damage that aggravates over time
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beriberi
[noun]
a nutritional deficiency disease caused by a lack of vitamin B1
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motor neurone disease
[noun]
a progressive neurological disorder that causes the degeneration of the motor system and ultimately kills the patient
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Parkinson's disease
[noun]
a progressive neurological disorder that affects movement and can cause tremors, stiffness, and difficulty with coordination
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radiation sickness
[noun]
Illness caused by exposure to high levels of radiation, leading to symptoms like nausea and weakness
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rheumatic fever
[noun]
an inflammatory illness that can occur after a streptococcal throat infection, affecting the heart, joints, and other tissues
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silicosis
[noun]
a lung disease caused by inhaling fine silica dust, often resulting from prolonged exposure to activities like mining or stone cutting
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aneurysm
[noun]
a bulge or ballooning in the wall of an artery, often caused by a weakened vessel
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angina
[noun]
an inflammatory infection of the throat, especially quinsy, marked by throat abscess and discomfort
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asthma
[noun]
a disease that causes shortness of breath and difficulty in breathing
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fibromyalgia
[noun]
a chronic disorder characterized by widespread pain, tenderness, and other symptoms like fatigue, sleep disturbances, and mood changes
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hepatitis
[noun]
inflammatory condition of the liver caused by a variety of infectious viruses or over-consumption of alcohol
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heart disease
[noun]
a broad term encompassing various conditions affecting the heart, including coronary artery disease, heart failure, and valvular disorders
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