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Words Related to Music - Musical Notation

Here you will learn some English words related to musical notation such as "sharp", "fermata", and "glissando".

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Words Related to Music
A
[noun]
the musical pitch A, which is a specific note in the diatonic scale commonly used in Western music
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B
[noun]
the 7th note in the C-major scale
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C
[noun]
the first note in the C-major scale
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D
[noun]
the second note of the C-major scale
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E
[noun]
the third note in the C-major scale
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F
[noun]
the fourth note in the C-major scale
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G
[noun]
the fifth note in the C-major scale
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whole note
[noun]
a musical note that is held or sustained for the duration of four beats in 4/4 time, typically denoted by an open oval shape
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double whole note
[noun]
a square-shaped notehead with no stem or flags representing a note duration equivalent to four whole notes in Western music
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key
[noun]
a set of notes based on a particular note that form the tonal basis of a musical passage
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middle C
[noun]
the C note situated approximately in the middle of the piano keyboard, often serving as a reference point for pitch
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natural
[noun]
a symbol that cancels the effect of a sharp or flat, restoring the pitch of a note to its original state
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octave
[noun]
the interval between the first and the last notes in eight diatonic degrees
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chord
[noun]
three or more musical notes that form a harmony when played together
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double sharp
[noun]
a musical symbol that indicates the raising of a note by two half steps or two semitones, equivalent to the same note as a natural but two half steps higher.
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sharp
[noun]
a symbol used to raise the pitch of a note by a half step
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flat
[noun]
a musical symbol indicating a pitch that is one half step lower than the note indicated
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half note
[noun]
a note symbol that represents a duration equal to half the value of a whole note, typically lasting for two beats in 4/4 time
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half step
[noun]
the smallest interval used in Western music, equal to the distance between two adjacent notes on a keyboard or fretboard
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thirty-second note
[noun]
a note symbol representing a duration equal to one thirty-second of the value of a whole note
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fermata
[noun]
a musical symbol placed over a note or rest to indicate that it should be held longer than its normal duration
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dot
[noun]
a small round symbol in written music indicating augmentation of time by one half or staccato
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double bar
[noun]
a pair of upright lines in written music marking the end of a composition or a main passage
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quarter note
[noun]
a note symbol representing a duration equal to one quarter of the value of a whole note
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tonic
[noun]
the first scale degree of a diatonic scale and the primary note upon which a musical composition or section is centered
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staff
[noun]
a set of five horizontal lines and the blank space between them on which a musical composition is written according to a pitch
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ledger line
[noun]
a short line added above or below the staff to represent a note that is outside the range of the staff
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bar line
[noun]
an upright line that separates the bars in written music
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maxima
[noun]
a note duration equivalent to 64 whole notes in Western music
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quadruple note
[noun]
a note duration equivalent to 16 whole notes in Western music
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dotted bar line
[noun]
a musical symbol indicating the end of a section or phrase in sheet music
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clef
[noun]
any of the signs written on the left-hand end of a staff indicating the pitch of the notes
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G clef
[noun]
a musical symbol that indicates the position of the G note on the staff, also known as the treble clef
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C clef
[noun]
a musical symbol used to indicate the position of middle C on a staff, and is commonly used for notating the pitches of instruments such as viola, bassoon, and cello
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F clef
[noun]
a musical symbol that indicates the position of the F note on the staff, also known as the bass clef
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octave clef
[noun]
a musical symbol used to indicate that the written notes should be played or sung one octave higher or lower than notated
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neutral clef
[noun]
***A symbol used for pitchless instruments, such as some of those used for percussion instruments, for which each line can represent a specific percussion instrument within a set, such as in a drum set.
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tablature
[noun]
a system of musical notation used for fretted string instruments, representing finger placement on the instrument's strings and frets
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eighth note
[noun]
a musical note symbol representing a duration equal to one eighth of the value of a whole note
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sixteenth note
[noun]
a musical note symbol representing a duration equal to one sixteenth of the value of a whole note
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sixty-fourth note
[noun]
a musical note symbol representing a duration equal to one sixty-fourth of the value of a whole note
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hundred twenty-eighth note
[noun]
a musical notation representing a very short duration of time, typically used in fast-paced music
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two hundred fifty-sixth note
[noun]
a musical notation representing an extremely short duration of time, typically used in very fast-paced music
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beam
[noun]
a horizontal line used in musical notation to connect two or more adjacent notes of the same value, indicating that they should be played as a single, continuous sound
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dotted note
[noun]
a musical note with a dot placed to the right of it, which increases its duration by half, indicating that it should be held longer than a regular note of the same value
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ghost note
[noun]
a percussive note played with reduced or muted volume, often used in drumming and rhythm guitar to add subtle accents or create a syncopated feel
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breath mark
[noun]
a musical notation symbol indicating where a performer should take a breath while playing or singing
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caesura
[noun]
a musical notation symbol indicating a pause or break in the music, often used for dramatic or expressive effect
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double flat
[noun]
a musical symbol that indicates the lowering of a note by two half steps or two semitones, equivalent to the same note as a natural but two half steps lower
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common time
[noun]
a musical meter with a 4/4 time signature, indicating four beats per measure
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alla breve
[noun]
a musical notation indicating that the music should be played with a double beat, where the half note receives one beat
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tie
[noun]
a curved line written over a pair of notes of the same pitch indicating that they should be played as one note
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dot
[noun]
a small round symbol in written music indicating augmentation of time by one half or staccato
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slur
[noun]
(music) a curved line indicating smooth, connected play between notes
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quarter tone
[noun]
a musical interval that is half the size of a semitone
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time signature
[noun]
a sign written at the beginning of a musical composition in the form of a fraction showing the number of beats in each bar
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accidental
[noun]
a symbol placed before a note to indicate that it should be played higher or lower than it is written in the key signature
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accent
[noun]
an emphasis given to a particular syllable of a word, part of a sentence, or note in a set of musical notes
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marcato
[noun]
a musical term indicating that a note or passage should be played with a marked emphasis or accent
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tenuto
[noun]
a musical term indicating that a note should be held for its full duration, typically marked by a horizontal line or dash above or below the note
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glissando
[noun]
a musical technique that involves sliding one or more fingers or the entire hand across the keys of a piano or the strings of a stringed instrument to produce a continuous, sliding sound
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arpeggio
[noun]
a musical technique where the notes of a chord are played individually in a sequence rather than simultaneously
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trill
[noun]
a rapid alternation between two adjacent notes, usually a semitone or a whole tone apart
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grace note
[noun]
a musical ornament that is played quickly before the main note and is not essential to the harmony or melody of a piece of music
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key signature
[noun]
the set of marks at the beginning of a printed piece of music, indicating the key in which the piece is played
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rest
[noun]
a period of silence or the sign that indicates a silence between musical notes
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mordent
[noun]
a musical ornament indicating a rapid alternation between a note and the note above or below it
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repeat sign
[noun]
a notation symbol consisting of two vertical lines with dots or arrows, indicating that a section of music should be repeated from the beginning or a designated point
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tuplet
[noun]
a notation that indicates a grouping of a specific number of notes or beats within a time value, allowing for irregular rhythms or subdivisions
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note value
[noun]
the relative duration or length of a musical note or rest
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