# CEFR C2 Vocabulary - Mathematics

Here you will learn all the essential words for talking about Mathematics, collected specifically for level C2 learners.

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algorithm

[noun]

a finite sequence of well-defined, mathematical instructions for completing a specific task or solving a problem

variance

[noun]

a measure of the dispersion or spread of a set of data points in statistics, representing the average squared deviation from the mean

derivative

[noun]

the rate at which a function changes with respect to its independent variable, representing the slope of the tangent line to the function's graph

integral

[noun]

a mathematical concept representing the total accumulation of a quantity, often represented by the area under a curve on a graph

limit

[noun]

the value that a function or sequence approaches as its input or index gets close to a particular value

catastrophe theory

[noun]

a branch of mathematics that studies and classifies phenomena characterized by sudden shifts in behavior arising from small changes in circumstances

logarithm

[noun]

a mathematical function that represents the exponent to which a fixed number, called the base, must be raised to produce a given number

prime

[noun]

a natural number greater than 1 that has no positive divisors other than 1 and itself

vector

[noun]

an ordered set of numbers that describes both magnitude and direction, commonly used to represent quantities like displacement, velocity, or force in physics and engineering

theorem

[noun]

a statement or proposition that has been proven to be true based on previously established axioms, definitions, and other theorems within a particular mathematical or logical system

permutation

[noun]

(mathematics) a rearrangement of a set of elements in a specific order or sequence

eigenvalue

[noun]

a special number used in linear algebra to describe how vectors change during transformations

set theory

[noun]

a branch of mathematics that deals with the study of sets, which are collections of distinct objects, and their properties, relationships, and operations

polynomial

[noun]

a mathematical expression with variables raised to powers and combined using arithmetic operations

integration

[noun]

a mathematical operation that calculates the accumulation of quantities, represented as the area under a curve on a graph

matrix multiplication

[noun]

a mathematical operation that combines two matrices to produce a new matrix, calculated by multiplying rows and columns

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