Word list: Internal Organs and Functions 2

Internal Organs and Functions 2

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Body - Internal Organs and Functions 2

You may be asked to talk or write about your body and health issues. On this part, you will find almost any word that is related to the human body and anatomy.

Body
intervertebral disc
intervertebral discnoun

a rounded cartilage that functions as a cushion between the spinal bones

intestine
intestinenoun

a long, continuous tube in the body between the stomach and the anus

joint
jointnoun

the foldable part of the body where two bones are joined and connected

jugular
jugularnoun

any of the three large veins in the neck that carry blood from the head and face

kidney
kidneynoun

each of the two bean-shaped organs in the lower back of the body that separate wastes from the blood and make urine

larynx
larynxnoun

the hollow organ in the throat that contains the vocal chords and produces sound

ligament
ligamentnoun

(anatomy) a strong band of tissue which connects two bones or cartilages or keeps organs in place

limbic system
limbic systemnoun

a complex subcortical nervous system of the brain that is associated with emotions and drives

liver
livernoun

a large organ in the body that produces bile and cleans the blood

lobe
lobenoun

(anatomy) a rounded part of an organ in the body, such as lungs or brain

lung
lungnoun

each of the two organs in the chest that help us breathe

marrow
marrownoun

the soft substance that fills the cavities of bones, which is either yellowish and consists of fat cells or reddish and makes blood cells

membrane
membranenoun

a thin sheet of tissue that separates, parts or covers the inner parts of the body

nerve
nervenoun

a group of fibers which carry massages from the brain to other organs of the body and causes them function in a certain way

nervous system
nervous systemnoun

the network of neurons and fibers that interpret stimuli and transmit impulses from the body to the brain

neuron
neuronnoun

a cell that is responsible for transmitting nerve impulses between the brain and the rest of the body

oesophagus
oesophagusnoun

the duct through which food is passed from the throat to the stomach

organ
organnoun

any of the separate and vital parts of the body with a particular function

orifice
orificenoun

a hole or external opening in the body, such as an ear canal or the anus

ovary
ovarynoun

each of the pair of female reproductive organs that produce eggs or secrete the sex hormones, progesterone and estrogen

oviduct
oviductnoun

(anatomy) each of the pair of tubes in the female body through which eggs pass to the ovary

pancreas
pancreasnoun

a large gland in the body that controls the blood sugar by producing insulin and glucagon and helps the body digest food

pharynx
pharynxnoun

(anatomy) the passage in the throat that connects the mouth to the gullet

phlegm
phlegmnoun

the thick mucus that is formed in the nasal and throat cavities, usually secreted in excessive amounts as a result of common cold

plasma
plasmanoun

(biology) the colorless liquid part of the blood in which the blood cells are suspended

pulse
pulsenoun

the rhythmic beating of the blood vessels created when the heart pumps, especially felt on the wrist or at the sides of the neck

rectum
rectumnoun

the final part of the large intestine where waste is collected before being passed through the anus

respiration
respirationnoun

(medicine) a single complete breath that consists of an inhalation and exhalation

sinus
sinusnoun

any hollow tract in the bones of the head or the skull that is connected to the nasal cavities and contains air

solar plexus
solar plexusnoun

(anatomy) a network of nerves in the abdomen and in front of the aorta that contains several ganglia

spinal cord
spinal cordnoun

the inner part of the spine containing a mass of nerves that connects the brain to almost all the body parts

spleen
spleennoun

(anatomy) a small red organ at the left side of the body that is concerned with the quality of the blood cells and production of lymphocytes

stem cell
stem cellnoun

(biology) a basic type of cell, of a multicellular organism, which develops into differentiated cells

tissue
tissuenoun

a group of cells in the body of living beings which functions similarly

tonsil
tonsilnoun

(anatomy) each of the pair of lymphoid tissues in the pharynx at the side of the tongue root

trachea
tracheanoun

(anatomy) the membranous tube in the body that carries air from the throat to the bronchi

tract
tractnoun

(anatomy) a system of interconnected organs or tissues that perform a particular task in the body

urethra
urethranoun

(anatomy) the duct in the male body through which urine or semen is passed

uterus
uterusnoun

(anatomy) the organ with a hollow space in the female body where the fetus is conceived and grown before being born

uvula
uvulanoun

(anatomy) the soft fleshy part at the back of the soft palate that hangs just above the pharynx

vagina
vaginanoun

(anatomy) the muscular passage in the female body between the outer sex organs and the uterus

vein
veinnoun

a blood vessel or tube that carries blood toward the heart

ventricle
ventriclenoun

(anatomy) a chamber in the lower part of the heart that carries the blood from the auricles to the arteries

windpipe
windpipenoun

the passage with ringed cartilages in the respiratory system that carries air from the throat to the lungs

womb
wombnoun

a muscular organ in the female reproductive system with a cavity in which the fetus is developed before being born