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CEFR C1 Vocabulary - Lesson 17

Here you will learn some English words about language components, such as "infinitive", "gerund", "number", etc. prepared for C1 learners.

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CEFR C1 Vocabulary
linguistic
[adjective]
related to the science of language, including its structure, usage, and evolution
daily words
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infinitive
[noun]
(grammar) the root form of a verb
daily words
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gerund
[noun]
(grammar) a form of a verb that functions as a noun and is formed by adding the suffix -ing to the base form of the verb
daily words
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transitive verb
[noun]
(grammar) a verb that needs a direct object
daily words
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intransitive verb
[noun]
(grammar) a verb without a direct object
daily words
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number
[noun]
(grammar) the form of a word that indicates whether one, two, or more things or people are being referred to
daily words
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person
[noun]
(grammar) each of the three classes of pronouns that refers to who is speaking, who is being spoken to, or others that are not present during the conversation
daily words
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voice
[noun]
(grammar) the form of a verb that indicates whether the subject does something or something is done to it
daily words
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gender
[noun]
(grammar) a class of words indicating whether they are feminine, masculine, or neuter
daily words
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feminine
[adjective]
(of a class of words) referring to females
daily words
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masculine
[adjective]
(of a class of words) referring to males
daily words
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subjunctive
[adjective]
(grammar) related to verbs that express wishes, possibility, or doubt
daily words
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phonetics
[noun]
the science and study of speech sounds and their production
daily words
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intonation
[noun]
(phonetics) the rising and falling of the voice when speaking
daily words
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dialect
[noun]
the spoken form of a language specific to a certain region or people which is slightly different from the standard form in words and grammar
daily words
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proverb
[noun]
a well-known statement or phrase that expresses a general truth or gives advice
daily words
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idiom
[noun]
a group of words or a phrase that has a meaning different from the literal interpretation of its individual words, often specific to a particular language or culture
daily words
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jargon
[noun]
words, phrases, and expressions used by a specific group or profession, which are incomprehensible to others
daily words
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slang
[noun]
words or expressions that are very informal and more common in spoken form, used especially by a particular group of people, such as criminals, children, etc.
daily words
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euphemism
[noun]
a word or expression that is used instead of a harsh or insulting one in order to be more tactful and polite
daily words
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to punctuate
[verb]
to use punctuation marks in a text in order to make it more understandable
daily words
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colon
[noun]
the punctuation mark : used to introduce a quotation, explanation, or list of items
daily words
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semicolon
[noun]
the punctuation mark ; used to separate the items in a list or to indicate a pause between two main clauses in a compound sentence
daily words
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parenthesis
[noun]
either of the symbols ( ) used in writing to enclose extra information that is given or to group a symbolic unit in logic or mathematics
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hyphen
[noun]
a small line used to connect words or parts of words
daily words
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slash
[noun]
the symbol / used in print or writing to indicate alternatives or fractions, etc.
daily words
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interjection
[noun]
(grammar) a phrase or word used suddenly to express a particular emotion
daily words
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particle
[noun]
(grammar) an adverb or preposition that is used with a verb to form a phrasal verb
daily words
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e.g.
[adverb]
used before providing an example
daily words
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ungrammatical
[adjective]
not conforming with the rules of grammar
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
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