# 食物和饮料的准备 - 烹饪重量和尺寸

weight

the heaviness of something or someone, which can be measured

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volume

the amount of space that a substance or object takes or the amount of space inside an object

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metric system

a standard of measurement that is based on the kilogram, the meter, and the liter

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liter

a unit for measuring an amount of liquid or gas that equals 2.11 pints

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milliliter

a unit for measuring the quantity of a liquid or gas that equals one thousandth of a liter

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gram

a unit of measuring weight equal to one thousandth of a kilogram

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kilogram

a unit of measuring weight equal to 2.20 pounds or 1000 grams

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degree Celsius

a temperature scale where 0°C represents the freezing point and 100°C represents the boiling point of water at standard atmospheric pressure

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fluid ounce

a unit of volume used in the United States to measure liquids, equal to approximately 29.5735 milliliters

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cup

a standardized volume measurement used in cooking in the United States, equivalent to approximately 8 fluid ounces

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pint

a measure equal to 16 fluid ounces, often used for measuring liquids such as beer or milk

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quart

a unit of volume measurement the United States for liquids, equal to 32 fluid ounces or approximately 946 milliliters

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gallon

a unit used to measure liquids in the United States, equivalent to approximately 3.785 liters

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density

(physics) the degree to which a substance is compacted, measured by dividing its mass by its volume

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measuring cup

a container with numbers on it for measuring the quantity of something when cooking, used mainly in the US

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drop

a small amount of liquid or solid that falls or is released in a rounded shape

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smidgen

a very small and imprecise amount of something, typically a powdered or granular substance, such as salt, sugar, or spices

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pinch

a slight amount of something one can hold between the index finger and thumb

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dash

a small amount of liquid ingredient that is typically added to a drink in a quick, single pour from a bottle

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fluid dram

a unit used to measure liquids in the United States, equal to about 3.696 milliliters or 1/8 of a US fluid ounce

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gill

a unit of volume measurement the United States equal to a quarter of a US liquid pint, approximately 4 fluid ounces

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minim

a unit of volume measurement in the United States, equivalent to approximately 0.0616 milliliters

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salt spoon

a small spoon specifically used for serving salt, typically used at the dining table

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British Imperial System

a system of measurement used in the United Kingdom, featuring units such as inches, feet, pounds, and gallons

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ounce

a unit for measuring weight equal to approximately 28.34 grams

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