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Words Related to Linguistics - Pragmatics and Discourse Analysis

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Words Related to Linguistics
linguistic context
[noun]
the surrounding linguistic elements that contribute to the interpretation and meaning of a specific expression or utterance
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deixis
[noun]
the phenomenon in language where the interpretation of certain words or expressions depends on the context of the speaker, listener, and the surrounding situation
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person deixis
[noun]
a type of deixis that involves the use of pronouns and verb forms to refer to the participants in a conversation
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spatial deixis
[noun]
a type of deixis that involves the use of language to refer to spatial locations, such as indicating the direction, distance, or proximity of objects or places in relation to the speaker or the context of the conversation
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temporal deixis
[noun]
a type of deixis that involves the use of language to refer to specific points in time, such as indicating the past, present, or future, or expressing temporal relations and sequencing of events
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direct speech
[noun]
the representation of someone's words using quotation marks, presenting their exact utterances as they were spoken or written
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indirect speech
[noun]
the representation of someone's words by reporting or paraphrasing their statements without using direct quotation marks
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speech act
[noun]
an utterance or expression that not only conveys meaning but also performs a particular function or action in communication, such as making a request, giving an order, or making a promise
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reference
[noun]
the act of referring to or indicating something or someone in language, where words or expressions are used to point to or denote specific entities, objects, or concepts
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face-threatening act
[noun]
a communicative behavior or action that poses a risk to someone's positive face, their desired self-image or social identity, potentially leading to face loss or face-threatening situations.
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face-saving act
[noun]
a communicative behavior or action that helps to protect or restore someone's positive face, their desired self-image or social identity, in order to avoid or mitigate face loss or face-threatening situations
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expression
[noun]
a word or phrase, often an idiomatic one
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caregiver speech
[noun]
a speech style characterized by simplified language, exaggerated prosody, repetition, and high pitch, commonly used by caregivers when interacting with infants and young children
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connected speech
[noun]
the natural flow of spoken language where words and sounds are connected together, often resulting in changes in pronunciation, elision of sounds, and modifications in speech patterns
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discourse marker
[noun]
a linguistic element or phrase used in speech or writing to indicate the structure, organization, or relationship between different parts of a discourse, often serving to facilitate communication and signal the speaker's intentions or attitudes
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framing
[noun]
the cognitive and linguistic process of shaping and presenting information in a particular way to influence how people perceive and interpret it
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dialogue
[noun]
a conversation or exchange of ideas between two or more individuals, typically characterized by turn-taking, interactive communication, and mutual understanding
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discourse
[noun]
the use of language in a larger context, including conversations, written texts, and social interactions, where meaning is constructed and communicated through the organization and flow of language
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intertextuality
[noun]
the interconnectedness and referencing of texts, where one text refers to or influences another, creating layers of meaning and a complex web of relationships between texts
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text
[noun]
anything that is in written form
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pejorative
[noun]
language, words, or expressions that convey a negative or derogatory connotation and are intended to belittle, criticize, or insult someone or something
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turn-taking
[noun]
the process by which participants in a conversation alternate speaking and listening, following certain rules and cues to facilitate smooth and coherent communication
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hedge
[noun]
a linguistic device used to express uncertainty or vagueness, often through words or phrases that indicate a lack of commitment or certainty in one's statement
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implicature
[noun]
the meaning that is inferred or implied by a speaker in a conversation, beyond the literal or explicit meaning of the words used, relying on context and shared knowledge between the participants
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coherence
[noun]
the overall sense of unity, logic, and connectedness in a text or discourse, where the ideas, information, and elements are organized and presented in a clear and meaningful way
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cohesion
[noun]
the linguistic mechanisms used to create connections and coherence within a text by employing various cohesive devices and techniques
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cohesion tie
[noun]
a specific linguistic element or device that connects different parts of a text, contributing to the overall coherence and unity of the discourse
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circumlocution
[noun]
the use of an indirect expression to describe something
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euphemism
[noun]
a word or expression that is used instead of a harsh or insulting one in order to be more tactful and polite
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equivocation
[noun]
the deliberate use of ambiguous language or expressions to avoid making a clear or definite statement
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holophrasis
[noun]
(linguistics) the prelinguistic practice of expressing a whole idea in a single word
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colloquialism
[noun]
a word or phrase that is not formal or literary and is used in everyday conversations
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malapropism
[noun]
the humorous and incorrect use of a word that sounds similar to the intended word
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utterance
[noun]
a unit of speech or writing that is complete and coherent, usually consisting of one or more words and conveying a specific meaning or message
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pleonasm
[noun]
(linguistics) the redundant use of words in a way that might be considered a fault of style, or to create an emphatic effect
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tmesis
[noun]
(linguistics) the separation of parts of a compound word by insertion of one or more words, often in informal speech
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rhetorical question
[noun]
a question that is not meant to be answered, but is instead used to make a point or to create emphasis or effect
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display question
[noun]
a type of interrogative sentence that is asked not to obtain information but rather to make a statement or express an attitude
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referential question
[noun]
a type of interrogative sentence that seeks specific information or references a particular entity, object, or concept
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focus
[noun]
the emphasis or prominence placed on a particular element or information in a sentence or discourse
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bilingual pun
[noun]
a wordplay or joke that relies on the use of multiple languages, often involving the similarity or ambiguity of words or phrases in different languages to create humorous or clever effects
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backchannel
[noun]
the verbal and non-verbal cues, such as nodding, "uh-huh," or other short responses, that listeners use to indicate their engagement and understanding during a conversation
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proverb
[noun]
a well-known statement or phrase that expresses a general truth or gives advice
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deictic
[noun]
a word or expression that relies on the context of the utterance for its interpretation, particularly in terms of spatial, temporal, or personal reference
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