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Words Related to Health and Sickness - Musculoskeletal Diseases and Problems

Here you will learn some English words related to musculoskeletal diseases and problems such as "myopathy", "scoliosis", and "arthritis".

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Words Related to Health and Sickness
becker muscular dystrophy
[noun]
a genetic disorder characterized by progressive muscle weakness and wasting due to mutations in the dystrophin gene
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duchenne's muscular dystrophy
[noun]
a genetic disorder causing progressive muscle weakness due to dystrophin gene mutations
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distal muscular dystrophy
[noun]
a genetic disorder causing progressive muscle weakness, primarily in the hands and feet
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facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy
[noun]
a genetic muscle disorder causing progressive weakness in facial, shoulder, and upper arm muscles, typically starting in adolescence or adulthood
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limb-girdle muscular dystrophy
[noun]
a group of genetic disorders characterized by progressive weakening and wasting of the muscles, predominantly affecting the shoulder and hip girdles
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oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy
[noun]
a rare genetic disorder that primarily affects the muscles of the eyes and throat
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myopathy
[noun]
a disease that affect the muscles, leading to weakness or dysfunction
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rhabdomyolysis
[noun]
muscle tissue breakdown leading to myoglobin release, which can potentially cause kidney damage and other symptoms
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myasthenia gravis
[noun]
a chronic autoimmune neuromuscular disorder characterized by muscle weakness and fatigue, particularly in the voluntary muscles
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cardiomyopathy
[noun]
a medical condition where the heart muscle becomes weakened, enlarged, or stiff, leading to impaired heart function
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amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
[noun]
a progressive neurodegenerative disease affecting motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord
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sarcopenia
[noun]
age-related loss of muscle mass, strength, and function, leading to decreased physical performance and increased health risks
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polymyositis
[noun]
a rare inflammatory disease that primarily affects skeletal muscles, causing muscle weakness and inflammation
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dermatomyositis
[noun]
an autoimmune disease causing muscle inflammation and distinctive skin rashes.
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ataxia
[noun]
a neurological condition characterized by a lack of coordination, affecting movements, balance, and speech
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arthritis
[noun]
a painful condition in which one's joints become stiff or swollen
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gout
[noun]
a form of inflammatory arthritis characterized by sudden and severe pain, swelling, and tenderness, typically affecting the joint at the base of the big toe
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osteoarthritis
[noun]
a degenerative joint disease characterized by the breakdown of cartilage, leading to pain, stiffness, and reduced joint mobility
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bursitis
[noun]
the inflammation of the bursae, small fluid-filled sacs that cushion and reduce friction between bones, tendons, and muscles near joints
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scoliosis
[noun]
an abnormal sideways curvature of the spine
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Paget's disease
[noun]
a chronic bone disorder causing abnormal bone remodeling, leading to weakened and deformed bones with associated symptoms such as bone pain and fractures
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rickets
[noun]
a condition in children in which bones soften and become more susceptible to fractures and irregularities due to deficiency of vitamin D, calcium, or phosphate
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tennis elbow
[noun]
a condition characterized by inflammation of the tendons on the outer part of the elbow, typically caused by repetitive arm and wrist motion
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myotonic dystrophy
[noun]
a genetic disorder causing muscle weakness and delayed muscle relaxation
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cumulative trauma disorder
[noun]
a condition caused by repetitive motions or prolonged, repetitive use of certain muscles, tendons, or nerves, leading to pain, inflammation, and functional impairment in affected areas
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