Types of Illness 2

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15 min
Health and Sickness - Types of Illness 2

Health and Sickness
ebolanoun

a potentially fatal disease that causes problems with how one's blood clots

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eclampsianoun

a pregnancy complication characterized by high blood pressure and seizures that can be detrimental to the health of mother and baby

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eczemanoun

a very common skin condition that causes one's skin to become dry, red, itchy, and bumpy

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epilepsynoun

a central nervous system disorder that causes sudden, unprovoked, and recurrent seizures

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exposurenoun

a serious medical condition caused by being out in extreme cold for very long without protection to the effects of harsh weather

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fetal alcohol syndromenoun

a severe medical condition resulting from excessive consumption of alcohol during pregnancy that can cause the child to be born with birth defects and developmental disabilities

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flu
flunoun

influenza; an infectious disease similar to a bad cold, causing fever and severe pain

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food poisoningnoun

an illness resulting from the consumption of food or water contaminated with bacteria

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frostbite
frostbitenoun

an injury resulting from excessive exposure to extreme cold, causing the freezing of the skin, particularly the nose, toes, fingers, or other tissues

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ganglionnoun

a cyst or lump that usually forms over a tendon or joint

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gangrenenoun

a chronic condition during which tissues in one's body die as a result of an obstruction in circulation or a bacterial infection

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gastric flunoun

an intestinal infection‌ that often causes watery diarrhea, inflammation, nausea, vomiting, or fever

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German measlesnoun

an acute contagious disease characterized by slight fever, skin rash, sore throat, and joint pain

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haemorrhagenoun

an escape of blood from a damaged or ruptured blood vessel

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hemorrhoidsnoun

swollen and painful veins in the lower part of the anus and rectum

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hay fevernoun

an illness that causes a runny nose and watery eyes, caused by dust from plants that come into the body through the air

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heart attacknoun

a medical emergency that happens when blood flow to the heart is suddenly blocked, which is fatal in some cases

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heatstroke
heatstrokenoun

a condition that one experiences if exposed to too much heat

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hemophilianoun

a mostly inherited genetic disorder in which the blood does not clot properly, leading to excessive or spontaneous bleeding

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hepatitisnoun

inflammatory condition of the liver caused by a variety of infectious viruses or over-consumption of alcohol

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hypertensionnoun

a condition that arises when one is experiencing a chronic elevation of blood pressure

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irritable bowel syndromenoun

a common bowel disorder that is characterized by diarrhea or constipation and is often tied to stress or worry

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jaundicenoun

a medical condition in which one's skin or the whites in one's eyes turn yellow, caused by a liver disease or blockage of the bile duct

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kwashiorkornoun

a severe malnutrition that occurs due to a lack of protein in the diet and mostly affects young children

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laryngitisnoun

a severe medical condition during which voice cords in one's voice box become painful and swollen, often resulting in loss of the voice or having difficulty breathing

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leprosynoun

a chronic infectious disease caused by a bacteria called Mycobacterium leprae that can affect the nerves, skin, eyes, and lining of the nose

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leukaemianoun

a potentially fatal disease characterized by a rise in the number of white blood cells in one's body

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long Covidnoun

a medical condition wherein people continue to experience COVID-19 symptoms for weeks or months after they begin to recover

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lou gehrig's diseasenoun

a progressive neurodegenerative disease that mainly affects motor neurons of the spinal cord which causes weakness in muscles and eventually causes paralysis and early death

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