Types of Illness 1

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18 min
Health and Sickness - Types of Illness 1

Health and Sickness
AIDSnoun

a serious disease caused by a virus that attacks the body's immune system and weakens it, can cause death in severe cases

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ALSnoun

a progressive nervous system disease that primarily affects nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord

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Alzheimer’s diseasenoun

a progressive neurologic disorder, particularly affecting older people, that slowly destroys brain cells and causes thinking ability and memory to deteriorate over time

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anemianoun

a condition in which the number of healthy red blood cells or hemoglobin in one's body is low

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anthraxnoun

a serious bacterial disease of warm-blooded animals, particularly cattle and sheep, that can be transmitted to people by contaminated wool, raw meat, or other animal products

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appendicitisnoun

a severe medical condition in which one's appendix becomes inflamed and painful

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arthritisnoun

a painful condition in which one's joints become stiff or swollen

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asthmanoun

a disease that causes shortness of breath and difficulty in breathing

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avian flunoun

a type of influenza virus that rapidly spreads among birds and in rare cases, it can affect humans as well

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the bendsnoun

a very painful and dangerous condition that is a direct result of divers coming up from deep water too quickly

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bronchitisnoun

a condition when the tubes that carry air to one's lungs get infectious

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BSEnoun

a fatal neurological disease that affects cattle and can occasionally be transmitted to humans as well

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cancernoun

a serious disease caused by the uncontrolled growth of cells in a part of the body that may spread to other parts

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cataractnoun

a medical condition that directly affects one's eyes as the lens of the eye becomes blurred

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celiac diseasenoun

a long-term autoimmune disorder that can damage one's small intestine and is triggered when one eats gluten

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chickenpoxnoun

a contagious disease that causes a mild fever and an itchy rash with blisters, primarily affects children

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choleranoun

a potentially fatal illness that is acquired from consumption of water or food contaminated with particular bacteria, causing diarrhea and vomiting

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cirrhosisnoun

a late-stage scarring of the liver caused by drinking too much alcohol

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CJDnoun

a rare and potentially fatal disease that primarily affects the brain and causes brain damage that aggravates over time

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cold
coldnoun

a mild disease that we usually get when viruses affect our body and make us cough, sneeze, or have fever

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colicnoun

a severe pain localized in abdominal area, especially suffered by babies

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common cold
common coldnoun

a viral infectious disease that primarily affects the upper respiratory tract and can be caused by several different types of viruses

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constipationnoun

a medical condition in which one has difficulty emptying one's bowels

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coronanoun

an infectious disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus

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coronary thrombosisnoun

a severe medical condition during which a blood clot in a coronary artery causes a blockage in the flow of blood that leads to heart

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coughnoun

a condition or disease that makes one cough frequently

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Covid-19noun

an infectious disease caused by a type of virus called coronavirus that causes fever, tiredness, a cough, etc., and in some cases can kill, originated in China and later became a pandemic

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croupnoun

a common respiratory infection in children that causes swelling around the vocal cords

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deep vein thrombosisnoun

a severe medical condition caused by a blood clot that is formed in one or more of the deep veins in one's body, particularly in one's legs

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dementianoun

a mental condition that happens when the brain is damaged by disease or injury, causing memory loss and impairing the ability to think or make decisions

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diabetesnoun

a serious medical condition in which the body is unable to regulate the blood sugar levels because it does not produce enough insulin

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diarrhoeanoun

a condition in which liquid faeces are frequently discharged from the bowels, particularly due to illness

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diphtherianoun

a chronic infection caused by a gram-positive bacterium and characterized by the formation of a false membrane in the air passages, particularly those of the throat

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dysenterynoun

an infection in one's intestines that causes severe diarrhea containing blood or mucus

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dyspepsia
dyspepsianoun

a severe or recurring pain localized in the upper abdomen and characterized by nausea, bloating, or vomiting

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