Types of Illness 3

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20 min
Health and Sickness - Types of Illness 3

Health and Sickness
mad cow diseasenoun

a fatal neurological disease that affects cattle and can occasionally be transmitted to humans as well

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malarianoun

a potentially fatal disease normally transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito

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measlesnoun

a contagious disease that causes high fever and small red spots on the body, common in children

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meningitisnoun

a serious infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the thin protective tissue that covers the brain and spinal cord, causing intense headaches and high temperature

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migrainenoun

a severe recurring type of headache, particularly affecting one side of the head, and often causing visual disturbances and nausea

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motor neurone diseasenoun

a progressive neurological disorder that causes the degeneration of the motor system and ultimately kills the patient

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multiple sclerosisnoun

a chronic progressive disease that primarily affects the central nervous system and is capable of causing problems with vision, balance, and speech

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mumpsnoun

an infectious viral disease characterized by painful swellings at the sides of the face and under the ears and caused by a paramyxovirus

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obesity
obesitynoun

the state of being very fat in an unhealthy way

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pellagranoun

a disease caused by severe vitamin B3 or niacin deficiency and characterized by skin changes, mental symptoms, and diarrhea

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pertussisnoun

a contagious respiratory disease often characterized by violent coughs and breathing difficulties

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plaguenoun

a dangerous disease spread by rats that causes fever and swellings, often kills if infected

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pneumonianoun

the infection and inflammation of air sacs in one's lungs, usually caused by a bacterial infection that makes breathing difficult

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polionoun

a disabling and life-threatening disease that causes nerve injuries leading to permanent paralysis, happens mostly in children younger than 5

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rabiesnoun

a viral disease of mammals, particularly dogs that is usually passed to humans through the bite of an infected animal

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rheumatismnoun

autoimmune and inflammatory diseases that are characterized by the feeling of pain, swelling, and stiffness in one's muscles and joints

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ricketsnoun

a condition in children in which bones soften and become more susceptible to fractures and irregularities due to deficiency of vitamin D, calcium, or phosphate

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rosaceanoun

a chronic skin condition that causes redness, swelling, and small bumps similar to acne

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rubellanoun

a contagious viral illness, often occurring in children, that causes a red rash on the body as well as symptoms like fever, sore throat, and eye redness

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SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome)noun

a viral respiratory illness caused by a coronavirus that can be easily passed from one person to another

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scrapienoun

an infectious and often fatal disease that mainly affects the nervous system of sheep

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seasicknessnoun

wooziness and nausea caused by the rocking motion of a boat or ship

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senile dementianoun

a severe condition that mainly affects older people's minds and causes memory loss, involuntary movements, etc.

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shocknoun

a severe medical condition following an extreme drop in blood pressure, caused by a massive blood loss, serious burns, etc., which makes the person feel cold, have rapid pulse and breathing

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smallpoxnoun

an acute infectious disease characterized by fever and skin eruption, usually leaving permanent scars

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snow-blindnessnoun

a condition of being temporarily unable to see due to one's eyes being exposed to ultraviolet rays reflected off snow or ice

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strokenoun

a dangerous condition in which a person loses consciousness as a result of a blood vessel breaking open or becoming blocked in their brain, which could kill or paralyze a part of their body

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sunstrokenoun

an illness characterized by high fever and caused by prolonged exposure to excessive heat or sunlight

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swine flunoun

a potentially fatal disease passed between humans that is caused by an influenza strain similar to swine flu in pigs

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tetanusnoun

a severe infectious disease marked by painful muscle contractions, particularly that of the jaw, as a result of bacteria invading the body through cuts or wounds

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thrombosisnoun

a severe medical condition in which the blood clots and blocks the blood vessels, particularly those leading to one's heart

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tonsillitisnoun

an infection or inflammation of the tonsils

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toxoplasmosisnoun

a parasitic disease that mainly affects unborn children and is mostly transmitted through undercooked meat, soil, or cat feces

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tuberculosisnoun

a potentially severe bacterial disease that primarily affects the lungs and causes swellings to appear on them or other parts of the body

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typhoidnoun

a serious and potentially life-threatening disease marked by high fever, diarrhea, and red spots that appear on the chest and abdomen

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typhusnoun

a potentially fatal disease characterized by high temperature and appearance of purple marks on the body

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whooping coughnoun

a highly contagious respiratory disease, particularly affecting children, marked by violent coughs and causing difficulty in breathing

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yellow fevernoun

a tropical viral disease, characterized by fever, muscle pain, etc. which consequently leads to jaundice and potential death, transmitted by infected mosquitoes

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