The Nature of the Beast

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21 min
Essential Vocabulary for the GRE - The Nature of the Beast

Essential Vocabulary for the GRE
faunanoun

the animals of a particular geological period or region

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indigenousadjective

(of animals and plants) found and developed only in a particular place and not been brought from elsewhere

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canine
caninenoun

relating to dogs

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feline
felinenoun

any animal in the cat family

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invertebratenoun

any animal that does not possess or cannot develop a spinal column, such as an arthropod, mollusk, etc.

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amphibian
amphibiannoun

any cold-blooded animal with the ability to live both on land and in water, such as toads, frogs, etc.

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exoskeletonnoun

the hard outer covering that supports the body of an animal, such as an arthropod

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arthropodnoun

an invertebrate animal with a segmented body and a chitinous exoskeleton, such as a spider, crab, etc.

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reptilian
reptiliannoun

any cold-blooded animal of the class Reptilia that breathes air and is a vertebrate, such as snakes, frogs, etc.

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mollusknoun

any invertebrate that lives in aquatic or damp habitats and has a soft unsegmented body, often covered with a shell

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verminnoun

small animals or insects that are believed to be destructive and are difficult to handle when they appear in a considerable number

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carnivorenoun

an animal that feeds on the flesh of other animals

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herbivorenoun

any animal that only feeds on plants

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omnivorenoun

an animal or person that feeds on a wide range of both plants and meat

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to cullverb

to control the population of a wild animal, particularly by killing weak or sick ones

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to breedverb

(of animals) to have sex and produce young

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tame
tameadjective

(of an animal) fit to live with the people and not afraid of them

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predatory
predatoryadjective

(of wild animals) living by preying on other animals, especially live animals

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to spayverb

to remove the sexual organs of a female animal, called ovaries

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to camouflageverb

to make or become undetectable by making or taking the color or shape of the surroundings

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broodmare
broodmarenoun

a female horse that is kept for breeding

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buck
bucknoun

a male mammal, particularly a deer or an antelope

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burrownoun

a hole that an animal digs in the ground to use as a shelter

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dennoun

the hidden place where a wild predatory animal lives

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to whimperverb

to make low crying sounds out of fear, pain or sadness

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fowl
fowlnoun

a domesticated bird that is particularly kept for its meat and eggs

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hatchling
hatchlingnoun

an animal that has recently cracked and come out of its shell

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to incubateverb

to keep an egg in a favorable condition to help it develop until it hatches

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to hibernateverb

(of some animals or plants) to spend the winter sleeping deeply

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to graze
to grazeverb

(of sheep, cows, etc.) to feed on the grass in a field

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to peckverb

(of a bird) to move the beak in a sudden movement and bite something

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to slitherverb

to slide on a surface in a smooth way, such as a snake

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to tweetverb

to make a short high sound characteristic of a bird

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to canterverb

(of horses) to move quite fast, but not yet as fast as possible

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whiskernoun

any of the long, stiff hairs that grow on the face of a cat, mouse, etc.

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muzzlenoun

the projecting part of the face of some animals such as dogs and horses that includes their jaws and noses

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fangnoun

a long sharp tooth, particularly a canine tooth of a dog, wolf, or snake

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tusknoun

each of the curved pointy teeth of some animals such as elephants, boars, etc., especially one that stands out from the closed mouth

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plumagenoun

the feathers of a bird covering its body

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crestnoun

a prominent feature exhibited by some birds on their heads, consisting of feathers, fur, or skin

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leash
leashnoun

a long piece of rope, leather strap or light chain used for guiding and controlling a dog or other animals

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