Lingua Franca

school icon40 words
21 min
Essential Vocabulary for the GRE - Lingua Franca

Essential Vocabulary for the GRE
dialectnoun

the spoken form of a language specific to a certain region or people which is slightly different from the standard form in words and grammar

1
syntaxnoun

(linguistics) the way in which words and phrases are arranged to form grammatical sentences in a language

2
declensionnoun

(in the grammar of some languages) a group of nouns, pronouns, or adjectives changing in the same way to indicate case, number, and gender

3
inflectionnoun

(grammar) a change in the structure of a word, usually adding a suffix, according to its grammatical function

4
to conjugateverb

(grammar) to show how a verb changes depending on number, person, tense, etc.

5
inversionnoun

a change in normal word order, especially putting a verb before its subject

6
accusativenoun

(in the grammar of some languages) the form of a noun, pronoun, or adjective that indicates a direct object of a verb or the object of some prepositions

7
vocativenoun

(in some languages) the use of a noun, pronoun, or adjective when addressing a person or thing

8
genitiveadjective

(grammar)(in some languages) relating to or being a grammatical case of a noun or pronoun that is used to indicate possession or close connection

9
subjunctivenoun

‌(of verbs) a form or mood that represents possibility, doubt, or wishes

10
ablativenoun

(grammar) the form of a noun, pronoun, or adjective that indicates where something comes from or who or what something is done by

11
locativenoun

(in some languages) the form that a noun, pronoun, or adjective takes when it expresses the place or an idea

12
predicativeadjective

(grammar) describing an adjective or noun following a linking verb and completing the meaning of the copula

13
nominativenoun

(in the grammar of some languages) the form of a noun, adjective, or pronoun when it takes the role of a verbnouns serving as the grammatical subject of a verb

14
attributiveadjective

(grammar)(of a noun or adjective) joined directly to a noun and modifying it, without a linking verb

15
indicativenoun

(grammar) the mood of a verb that states a fact

16
interrogativenoun

(grammar) a function word that is used to form a question

17
neuternoun

(grammar) a gender of words that are neither masculine nor feminine

18
affixnoun

(grammar) a letter or group of letters added to the end or beginning of a word to change its meaning

19
alliterationnoun

the use of the same letter or sound at the beginning of the words in a verse or sentence, used as a literary device

20
ironynoun

a form of humor in which the words that someone says mean the opposite, producing an emphatic effect

21
allusionnoun

a statement that implies or indirectly mentions something or someone else, especially as a literary device

22
satirenoun

humor, irony, ridicule, or sarcasm used to expose or criticize the faults and shortcomings of a person, government, etc.

23
euphemismnoun

a word or expression that is used instead of a harsh or insulting one in order to be more tactful and polite

24
analogynoun

(linguistics) a process by which a new word or inflection is formed according to existing rules and regulations

25
coherentadjective

speaking in a way that is sensible and intelligible

26
etymologynoun

the study of the origins and historical developments of words and their meanings

27
inarticulateadjective

(of people) unable to express oneself clearly or easily

28
tautologynoun

saying the same thing twice in different wordings, generally considered a fault in style

29
pragmaticsnoun

(linguistics) a branch of linguistics that deals with the sentences and the contexts in which they are used

30
phoneticsnoun

the science and study of speech sounds and their production

31
phonemenoun

(phonetics) any of the set of smallest units in a phonetic system of a language that make one word different from another

32
morphemenoun

(linguistics) the smallest meaningful unit of a language that does not necessarily stand alone and cannot be divided

33
lexemenoun

(linguistics) a basic linguistic unit that is meaningful and underlies a set of words which are related through inflection

34
allophonenoun

(phonetics) any of the variants of the same phoneme in a language

35
ellipsisnoun

(grammar) the act of omitting a word or words from a sentence, when the meaning is complete and the omission is understood from the context

36
homonymnoun

each of two or more words with the same spelling or pronunciation that vary in meaning and origin

37
homophonenoun

(grammar) one of two or more words with the same pronunciation that differ in meaning, spelling or origin

38
diphthongnoun

(phonetics) a gliding speech sound formed by the combination of two vowels in a single syllable

39
onomatopoeianoun

the naming of a thing or action based on the sound that they refer to

40
Download LanGeek app for free