The Sound of Music

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21 min
Essential Vocabulary for the GRE - The Sound of Music

Essential Vocabulary for the GRE
compositionnoun

the art or the act of writing pieces of music, poetry, etc.

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balladnoun

a popular romantic song or one that narrates a story

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adagionoun

a movement or composition intended to be played at a slow tempo

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instrumentaladjective

(of music) made only by instruments, no vocals

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acousticadjective

(of a musical instrument) making a sound that is natural not amplified

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harmonicadjective

connected with or denoting a harmony or harmonics

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melodicadjective

connected with melody

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ambientadjective

relating to the type of music that emphasizes on tone and atmosphere rather than traditional structure

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avant-garde
avant-gardeadjective

radically new or original

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indieadjective

(of pop groups) not affiliated with a major recording company

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solonoun

a musical piece written for one singer or instrument

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duetnoun

a piece of music performed by two people

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baritonenoun

the second lowest adult male singing voice

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bar linenoun

an upright line that separates the bars in written music

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movementnoun

one of the main parts that a long musical work is divided into, having its own structure

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chordnoun

three or more musical notes that form a harmony when played together

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measurenoun

any of the short sections consisting of musical beats located between two consecutive lines

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scalenoun

an arrangement of a series of musical notes with specified intervals, in ascending or descending pitch order

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encorenoun

an additional or repeated piece that is performed at the end of a concert, because the audience has asked for it

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discordnoun

an unusual combination of musical notes that sound strange when played

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dissonancenoun

a combination of musical notes that sound harshly because they do not form a harmony

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codanoun

the final passage of an extended musical composition

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clefnoun

any of the signs written on the left-hand end of a staff indicating the pitch of the notes

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concertonoun

a musical composition that is written for one or more solo instruments and accompanied by an orchestra with three movements

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opusnoun

a musical piece or collection that is written by a famous composer followed by the date in which it was created

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discographynoun

all of the records or a list of the records that have been created by a particular singer, composer or musical band

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compilationnoun

something such as a book, record, etc. that consists of different pieces taken from several sources

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etudenoun

an instrumental composition that is usually short and is intended for practice or demonstration of a skill

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fingerboardnoun

a narrow flat part on the neck of a string instrument where the fingers press the strings to play various notes

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to headlineverb

to be the star performer in a concert or performance

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to improviseverb

to create and perform words of a play, music, etc. on impulse and without preparation

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majoradjective

based on a scale in which the interval between the third and the fourth notes and the seventh and the eighth notes is a half step

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minoradjective

based on a scale in which the interval between the second and the third notes, the fifth and the sixth notes and the seventh and eighth notes is a half step

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intervalnoun

a dissimilarity in pitch between two notes

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pitchnoun

the degree of highness or lowness of a tone that is determined by the frequency of waves producing it

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temponoun

the speed that a piece of music is or should be played at

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octavenoun

the interval between the first and the last notes in eight diatonic degrees

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monoadjective

describing sound transmission, recording or reproduction that is transferred through a single channel

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to pluckverb

to play a string instrument, such as a guitar, using the fingers or a plectrum

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refrainnoun

music that accompanies the section of a song or poem that is repeated after each verse, by a group of singers

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