Off the Top of My Head

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21 min
Essential Vocabulary for the GRE - Off the Top of My Head

Essential Vocabulary for the GRE
anatomy
anatomynoun

the branch of science that is concerned with the physical structure of humans, animals, or plants

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torsonoun

the upper part of the human body, excluding the arms and the head

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vertebra
vertebranoun

(anatomy) any of the bony segments and cartilages of the spinal column

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artery
arterynoun

any blood vessel, carrying the blood to different organs of body from the heart

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tissuenoun

a group of cells in the body of living things, forming their different parts

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spinal cordnoun

the inner part of the spine containing a mass of nerves that connects the brain to almost all the body parts

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ribcage
ribcagenoun

(anatomy) the bony structure in the chest formed by the ribs which protects organs in the thoracic cavity

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craniumnoun

(anatomy) the bone structure that surrounds and protects the brain

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cortexnoun

(anatomy) the outer layer of the anterior part of the brain, called cerebrum, containing gray matter

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brow
brownoun

the part in someone's face that is below the hair and above the eyes

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wombnoun

the part of the body of a woman or female mammal where the baby develops before birth

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uterusnoun

(anatomy) the organ in the female body where the fetus is conceived and grown before being born

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shin
shinnoun

the front part of the leg that is between the foot and the knee

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bicepsnoun

the large muscle at the front of the upper part of the arm, which flexes the forearm

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armpit
armpitnoun

the part under the shoulder that is hollow

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eardrumnoun

a thin piece of skin in the middle ear that vibrates by sound waves and enables one to hear sounds, also known as tympanic membrane

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pharynxnoun

(anatomy) the passage in the throat that connects the mouth to the gullet

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tracheanoun

(anatomy) the membranous tube in the body that carries air from the throat to the bronchi

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salivanoun

the liquid produced in the mouth to make chewing and swallowing easier and to prepare food for digestion

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phlegmnoun

the thick mucus that is formed in the nasal and throat cavities, usually secreted in excessive amounts as a result of common cold

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enamelnoun

the hard white external layer that covers the crown of a tooth

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respiration
respirationnoun

(anatomy) the act or process of breathing

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retinanoun

(anatomy) the sensory membrane at the back of the eye that transmits light signals to the brain through optic nerves

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corneanoun

(anatomy) the transparent layer that covers the outside of the eyeball

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pupilnoun

(anatomy) the small round black area in the center of the eye, through which light enters

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renaladjective

(medical) involving or relating to the kidneys

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abdomen
abdomennoun

(anatomy) the lower part of the body below the chest that contains the digestive and reproductive organs

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diaphragmnoun

(anatomy) the muscular body partition that separates the chest and abdomen

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pancreasnoun

a large gland in the body that produces insulin and glucagon and substances that help the body digest food

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spleennoun

(anatomy) an abdominal organ that controls the quality of the blood cells

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pelvis
pelvisnoun

(anatomy) the large round bone structure that the limbs and the spine are joined to, which also protects the abdominal organs

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appendixnoun

a sack of tissue that is attached to the large intestine and is surgically removed if infected

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bladder
bladdernoun

a sac-like organ inside the body where urine is stored before being passed

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bowelnoun

(usually plural) the tube in the body through which digested food passes from the stomach to the anus

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bone marrownoun

the soft substance that fills the cavities of bones, which is either yellowish and consists of fat cells or reddish and makes blood cells

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tendonnoun

(anatomy) an elastic cord or band that connects a muscle to a bone

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cartilagenoun

an elastic tissue that supports or connects joints in an infant and turns into skeleton during growth

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glandnoun

an organ in the body that produces certain chemical substances to be used in the body or to be discharged into the surroundings

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antibodynoun

a blood protein produced to fight diseases or infections, or in response to foreign substances in the body

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bilenoun

a greenish-brown alkaline fluid that is produced by the liver in order to help the body digest fats

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