Café Society

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19 min
Essential Vocabulary for the GRE - Café Society

Essential Vocabulary for the GRE
stratumnoun

a group of people with similar social standing, education, or income

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acculturationnoun

the adoption of the behavior patterns of the surrounding culture

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apartheidnoun

a social policy or racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against people who are not Whites; the former official policy in South Africa

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aristocracynoun

people in the highest class of society who have a lot of power and wealth and usually high ranks and titles

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bourgeoisienoun

the society's middle class

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class-consciousadjective

(used of society) socially hierarchical

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hierarchicaladjective

classified according to various criteria into successive levels or layers

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demographicnoun

data concerning the population and different groups it comprises

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ethnicity
ethnicitynoun

the state of belonging to a certain ethnic group

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subsistencenoun

a situation in which one has just enough money or food to survive

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overlordnoun

someone who is in a position of power, especially in the past

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politynoun

the form of government of a social organization

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to segregateverb

separate by race or religion; practice a policy of racial segregation

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castenoun

a social class separated from others by distinctions of hereditary rank or profession or wealth

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supremacistnoun

someone who believes that a particular group of people, especially one determined by sex, religion, or race, is better than other groups and should dominate them

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political asylumnoun

the protection that a country grants to someone who has fled their home country because of political reasons

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benefactornoun

a person who helps people or institutions (especially with financial help)

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class strugglenoun

the conflict of interests between different social classes in a society, as mentioned in Marxist ideology

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deportationnoun

the act of forcing someone out of a country, usually because they do not have the legal right to stay there or because they have broken the law

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discriminationnoun

the practice of treating a person or different categories of people less fairly than others

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to displaceverb

to make someone leave their home by force, particularly because of an unpleasant event

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elitenoun

a small group of people in a society who enjoy a lot of advantages because of their economic, intellectual, etc. superiority

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homophobianoun

hatred, antipathy, or prejudice toward homosexuals

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to impoverishverb

to make a person or an area poor

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indigentadjective

extremely poor or in need

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intersectionaladjective

*** relating to different social categories such as race, class and gender and the way that these can combine to result in additional disadvantage or discrimination

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to marginalizeverb

to treat a person, group, or concept as insignificant or of secondary or minor importance

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to naturalizeverb

to admit a foreigner as an official citizen in a country

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paritynoun

functional equality

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penury
penurynoun

a state of extreme poverty or destitution

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positive discriminationnoun

*** the practice or policy of making sure that jobs or advantages are given to people from groups that are often treated unfairly because of their race, sex, etc.

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quota systemnoun

a system that allows a limited number of immigrants to officially enter a country annually

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slumlordnoun

*** ‌a person who owns houses or apartments in a poor area and who charges very high rent for them even though they are in bad condition

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social consciencenoun

*** the state of being aware of the problems that affect a lot of people in society, such as being poor or having no home, and wanting to do something to help these people

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bigotrynoun

the fact of having or expressing strong, irrational views and disliking other people with different views or a different way of life

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unrestnoun

a political situation in which there is anger among the people and protests are likely

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