House of Cards

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21 min
Essential Vocabulary for the GRE - House of Cards

Essential Vocabulary for the GRE
utopianoun

a made-up state or place in which everything is ideal

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wingnoun

members of a political party or other organization who have a certain function or share certain views

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conservatismnoun

a political belief with an inclination to keep the traditional values in a society by avoiding changes

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utilitarianismnoun

the doctrine that the best measure or decision is the one that satisfies the majority of people

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apoliticaladjective

having no interest or involvement in politics

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bilateraladjective

concerning two groups or countries

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bureaucracynoun

a system of government that is controlled by officials who are not elected rather employed

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to canvassverb

get the opinions (of people) by asking specific questions

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centralismnoun

the political policy of concentrating power in a central organization

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tyrantnoun

a cruel and oppressive dictator

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swing votenoun

*** a vote that has a decisive influence on the result of an election

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straw pollnoun

an unofficial test of opinion that includes a number of people who give their opinion about something or say whether or not they intend to participate in an election

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cabinetnoun

senior members of a government who make decisions and control the policy of the government

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coalitionnoun

an alliance between two or more countries or between political parties when forming a government or during elections

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confederationnoun

an organization that consists of countries, parties, or businesses which have formed an alliance to help one another

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constituencynoun

a group of people in a specific area who elect a representative to a legislative position

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constitutionaladjective

relating to or operating under the official laws and principles called the constitution, by which a country or state is governed

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demagoguenoun

a politician who appeals to the desires and prejudices of ordinary people instead of valid arguments in order to gain support

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to destabilizeverb

make unstable

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diplomacynoun

the job, skill, or act of managing the relationships between different countries

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egalitariannoun

a person who believes in the equality of all people

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electoratenoun

the body of enfranchised citizens; those qualified to vote

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to enfranchiseverb

grant voting rights

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fanaticnoun

an overenthusiastic individual, especially one who is devoted to a radical political or religious cause

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federalismnoun

a political system in which a central government controls the affairs of each self-governed state

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feudalismnoun

a social and land-owning system in medieval Europe in which people were granted land and protection by a nobleman in exchange, they had to fight and work for him

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frontiernoun

an international boundary or the area (often fortified) immediately inside the boundary

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geopoliticsnoun

the study of the effects of economic geography on the powers of the state

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imperialismnoun

a system in which one country controls or has influence over other countries, often by winning wars against them

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inaugurationnoun

a formal ceremony at which a person is admitted to office

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isolationismnoun

the political practice of only being concerned with one's home country and not getting involved in international affairs

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interventionismnoun

*** ‌the policy or practice of a government influencing the economy of its own country, or of becoming involved in the affairs of other countries

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legislativeadjective

relating to making and enacting laws

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liberalismnoun

the political belief that promotes personal freedom, democracy, gradual changes in society, and free trade

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manifestonoun

a public declaration of intentions (as issued by a political party or government)

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pacifismnoun

the doctrine that all violence is unjustifiable

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oligarchynoun

a political system in which a small group of high-powered people control a country or organization

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reactionaryadjective

opposed to political or social liberalism or reform

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parliamentaryadjective

having, relating to, or enacted by a parliament

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populismnoun

a type of politics that purports to represent the opinions and desires of ordinary people in order to gain their support

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propagandanoun

information and statements that are mostly biased and false and are used to promote a political cause or leader

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