A Cold Day in Hell

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21 min
Essential Vocabulary for the GRE - A Cold Day in Hell

Essential Vocabulary for the GRE
zennoun

a school of Mahayana Buddhism, originally formed in Japan, emphasizing the value of meditation and intuition rather than reading religious scripts or ritual worship

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agnosticismnoun

a religious orientation of doubt; a denial of ultimate knowledge of the existence of God

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atheism
atheismnoun

the belief that rejects the existence of God or a higher power

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trinitynoun

in Christianity, the concept of God as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit

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theologynoun

the study of religions and faiths

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almightyadjective

having unlimited power

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animismnoun

the doctrine that all natural objects and the universe itself have souls

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theismnoun

the doctrine or belief in the existence of a God or gods

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biblicaladjective

of or pertaining to or contained in or in accordance with the Bible

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baptismnoun

a Christian ceremony during which water is poured on someone or they are immersed into water to welcome them to the Church

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bar mitzvahnoun

(Judaism) an initiation ceremony marking the 13th birthday of a Jewish boy and signifying the beginning of religious responsibility

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secularismnoun

the doctrine that separates the state from religious associations

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spiritualismnoun

the belief that the spirits of dead people can communicate with people who are still alive (especially via a medium)

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asceticismnoun

the doctrine that through renunciation of worldly pleasures it is possible to achieve a high spiritual or intellectual state

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archbishopnoun

a bishop of the highest rank who is responsible for all the churches in a specific large area

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christeningnoun

a Christian religious ceremony during which a baby is named and admitted to the Christian Church

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clergy
clergynoun

those ordained for religious services, especially in the Christian Church

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commemorativeadjective

intended as a commemoration

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congregationnoun

a group of people who gather in a church to say prayers

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consecrationnoun

(religion) sanctification of something by setting it apart (usually with religious rites) as dedicated to God

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crucifixnoun

representation of the cross on which Jesus died

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deitynoun

a supernatural figure that is worshipped; a god or goddess

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ecclesiasticnoun

a clergyman or other person in religious orders

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effigy
effigynoun

a representation of a person (especially in the form of sculpture)

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epistlenoun

any of the letters in the New Testament, written by the apostles

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exorcismnoun

freeing from evil spirits

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gospel
gospelnoun

any of the four books of the New Testament that is about the life and teachings of Jesus Christ

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kosheradjective

describing food that is acceptable by Jewish law

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gurunoun

a religious leader or teacher in Buddhism, Hinduism, or Sikhism

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halaladjective

(of meat) prepared according to Islamic law

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hermitnoun

someone who lives a very simple life in solitude as a religious practice

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hereticnoun

someone with beliefs against the doctrines of a particular religion

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hymnnoun

a religious song intended to praise God, especially sung by Christians in congregation

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reincarnationnoun

the belief that after someone’s death, their spirit comes back to life in the form of a new body, especially in Buddhism and Hinduism

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judaicadjective

of or relating to or characteristic of the Jews or their culture or religion

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martyrnoun

someone who is killed because of their beliefs

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lamanoun

a Mongolian or Tibetan Buddhist monk

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monasticadjective

of communal life sequestered from the world under religious vows

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pantheismnoun

the doctrine or belief that God is the universe and its phenomena (taken or conceived of as a whole) or the doctrine that regards the universe as a manifestation of God

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polytheismnoun

belief in multiple Gods

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