Take the Law into Your Hands!

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21 min
Essential Vocabulary for the GRE - Take the Law into Your Hands!

Essential Vocabulary for the GRE
affidavitnoun

a written statement affirmed by oath or pledge that can be used as evidence in court

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to acquitverb

officially deciding and declaring in a law court that someone is not guilty of a crime

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annulment
annulmentnoun

(law) a formal termination (of a relationship or a judicial proceeding etc)

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bindingadjective

legally impossible to avoid and must be obeyed

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conveyancenoun

document effecting a property transfer

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to countersignverb

add one's signature to after another's to attest authenticity

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to cuffverb

confine or restrain with or as if with manacles or handcuffs

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debenturenoun

a certificate or voucher acknowledging a debt

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decreenoun

an official authoritative decision or judgment, especially one made by a government or the ruler of a country

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to draw upverb

**** To compose or prepare a document

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to enforceverb

to ensure that a law or rule is followed

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impeachmentnoun

a formal document charging a public official with misconduct in office

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indictmentnoun

a formal accusation of a crime

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to infringeverb

to go against a rule, law, term of agreement, etc.

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tribunalnoun

an assembly (including one or more judges) to conduct judicial business

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inquestnoun

an inquiry into the cause of an unexpected death

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intestacynoun

the situation of being or dying without a legally valid will

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judiciarynoun

the part of a country's government that administers the legal system, including all its judges

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legislationnoun

a law or a set of laws passed by a legislative body, such as a parliament

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legitimateadjective

in compliance with the law or regulations

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legislaturenoun

persons who make or amend or repeal laws

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to litigateverb

institute legal proceedings against; file a suit against

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magistrate
magistratenoun

a person who acts as a judge in a law court and deals with minor offenses

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memorandumnoun

*** a document recording the terms of a contract or other legal details.

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to overturnverb

to reverse, abolish, or invalidate something, especially a legal decision

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to pardonverb

to discharge a criminal from the legal consequences of a conviction or violation

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parolenoun

(law) permission for a prisoner to leave prison before the end of their imprisonment sentence, on the condition of good conduct

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plaintiffnoun

a person who brings a lawsuit against someone else in a court

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to pleadverb

to state in a court of law, in front of the judge and the jury, whether someone is guilty or not guilty of a crime

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proceedingsnoun

actions taken in a court of law in order to settle an argument

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provisionnoun

a stipulated condition

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prosecutionnoun

the process of bringing someone to court in an attempt to prove their guilt

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waivernoun

an official statement according to which one gives up their legal right or claim

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to voidverb

to announce that something is no longer legally valid or binding

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testimonynoun

a formal statement saying something is true, particularly made by a witness in court

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statutenoun

an officially written and established law

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to testifyverb

to make a statement as a witness in court saying something is true

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to abide byverb

to accept a rule, decision, or recommendation without objection

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to remandverb

refer (a matter or legal case) to another committee or authority or court for decision

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to upholdverb

(particularly of a law court) to state that a previous decision is correct

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