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CEFR C2 Vocabulary - Natural Phenomena and Pollution

Here you will learn all the essential words for talking about Natural Phenomena and Pollution, collected specifically for level C2 learners.

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CEFR C2 Vocabulary
calamity
[noun]
an event causing great and often sudden damage, distress, or destruction
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cataclysm
[noun]
a sudden, violent natural disaster that drastically alters the earth's landscape
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ravage
[noun]
action that breeds severe damage or destruction
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conflagration
[noun]
an extremely intense and destructive fire
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scourge
[noun]
a cause of widespread suffering or affliction
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aftershock
[noun]
a smaller earthquake or tremor that follows the main shock of a seismic event
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temblor
[noun]
an earthquake caused by underground movement or volcanic activity
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deluge
[noun]
a sudden and heavy rainfall
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salvage
[noun]
the act of saving or rescuing a ship or its cargo from loss, damage, or destruction
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epicenter
[noun]
the point on the surface of the earth vertically above the focus of an earthquake where its effects are felt most strongly
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waterspout
[noun]
a tornado occurring over a body of water, characterized by a funnel-shaped cloud filled with water droplets or spray
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incinerator
[noun]
a waste treatment process that involves the combustion of substances contained in waste materials
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biohazard
[noun]
a risk to human health or to the environment caused by a biological source, especially microorganisms
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sludge
[noun]
a thick, muddy substance often found at the bottom of liquids, like wastewater or industrial fluids
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soot
[noun]
a black powdery substance produced by burning materials like wood or coal
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effluent
[noun]
liquid waste or sewage discharged into rivers, lakes, or the sea
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detritus
[noun]
waste or debris produced by the disintegration or decomposition of organic or inorganic matter
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polyethylene terephthalate
[noun]
a durable and lightweight plastic widely used for making bottles and food containers due to its strength and recyclability
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hazmat suit
[noun]
a protective garment worn by workers to safeguard against exposure to hazardous substances or environments
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fallout
[noun]
airborne particles, such as dust or debris, that settle after a nuclear explosion or similar event
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asbestos
[noun]
a soft greyish substance that is resistant to fire and heat and was previously used in the buildings, clothing, etc.
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aerosol
[noun]
a suspension of tiny particles or droplets in the air
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particulate
[noun]
a small, discrete particle or substance, especially one suspended in air, such as dust, pollen, or soot
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catalytic converter
[noun]
a device in a vehicle's exhaust system that reduces the emission of harmful pollutants by promoting chemical reactions that convert them into less harmful substances
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unleaded
[adjective]
not containing lead or other additives harmful to the environment
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