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CEFR C2 Vocabulary - History

Here you will learn all the essential words for talking about History, collected specifically for level C2 learners.

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CEFR C2 Vocabulary
anachronism
[noun]
a thing placed in the wrong period of history
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palimpsest
[noun]
a manuscript that was written on, erased, and written on again and again, while the previous text was still partially visible
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page
[noun]
a young servant or attendant, usually a boy, in a noble or royal household during medieval and Renaissance times, responsible for various tasks and receiving education in chivalry
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hieroglyphic
[noun]
a system of writing using symbols or pictures, originally used by the ancient Egyptians
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galley
[noun]
a rowing ship used in ancient and medieval times, known for its long, slender design and multiple rows of oars, often employed in naval warfare and trade
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belle epoque
[noun]
a period in Western Europe (1871-1914) marked by peace, optimism, and cultural growth
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zeitgeist
[noun]
the defining spirit or mood of a particular period in history, reflecting the ideas and beliefs of the time
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genealogy
[noun]
the lineage or ancestry of a person, tracing their familial relationships and connections through multiple generations
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relic
[noun]
an object or part of an object surviving from the past, typically with historical or emotional value, often linked to a person, event, or era
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antiquity
[noun]
the historical period before the Middle Ages, especially before the sixth century when Greeks and Romans were the most prosperous
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crusade
[noun]
a medieval military expedition by European Christians to reclaim or defend Christian territories in the Holy Land
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decolonization
[noun]
the process by which colonies or territories gain independence from colonial rule
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barbarian
[noun]
a person who was not a member of a great civilization (Greek, Roman, Christian) and was believed to be savage and uncivil
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tsar
[noun]
the king or emperor of Russia prior to 1917
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to chronicle
[verb]
to record a series of historical events in a detailed way by a chronological order
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the Commonwealth
[noun]
the political structure during a period in the history of the UK between 1649 and 1660, called the interregnum, during which the country was ruled without a king or queen
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