pattern

CEFR C2 Vocabulary - Architecture

Here you will learn all the essential words for talking about Architecture, collected specifically for level C2 learners.

review-disable

Review

flashcard-disable

Flashcards

spelling-disable

Spelling

quiz-disable

Quiz

Start Learning
CEFR C2 Vocabulary
portico
[noun]
a covered entrance or porch with columns, typically leading to the main entrance of a building and serving as a decorative architectural feature
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
balustrade
[noun]
a row of connected posts placed at the edge of a height such as stairway, balcony, etc. in order to protect people from falling
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
mantelpiece
[noun]
a shelf that is made of wood or stone and is above a fireplace
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
eclecticism
[noun]
a style or approach that combines various architectural influences, elements, or styles from different time periods or cultures to create a unique and diverse design
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
atrium
[noun]
a large area typically with glass walls or roof in the middle of a building such a shopping center
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
vault
[noun]
an architectural structure, often made of stone or concrete, that forms a curved or arched ceiling or roof, providing strength, support, and architectural beauty to a space
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
facade
[noun]
the front of a building, particularly one that is large and has an elegant appearance
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
gable
[noun]
the upper part of a house wall in the shape of a triangle where it meets a sloping roof
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
mezzanine
[noun]
a floor situated between two other floors of a building, which is smaller compared to the two
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
parapet
[noun]
a low protective wall or railing built along the edge of a roof, balcony, bridge, or other elevated structure to prevent people from falling
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
pergola
[noun]
an outdoor structure with a framework of vertical posts and cross-beams, often covered with climbing plants for shade
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
vestibule
[noun]
a small entrance hall or lobby located just inside the main entrance of a building, serving as a transitional space between the exterior and the interior
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
veranda
[noun]
a roofed area with an open front at the ground level, which is attached to the side of a house
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
alcove
[noun]
a recessed part of a wall that is built further back from the rest of it
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
nook
[noun]
a small, cozy corner created where two walls meet
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
tympanum
[noun]
the semi-circular or triangular space enclosed by the lintel and arch above a doorway, often decorated with sculptural reliefs or intricate designs
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
volute
[noun]
a spiral or scroll-like architectural ornament, typically found at the top of a column capital, staircase railing, or decorative molding
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
spandrel
[noun]
the triangular or curved space between an arch and the surrounding vertical supports, typically filled with decorative elements or panels
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
quatrefoil
[noun]
a decorative element or motif consisting of four overlapping circles or lobes that form a symmetrical shape resembling a four-leaf clover
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
pediment
[noun]
the triangular upper portion of the entrance of a building, often seen in buildings with Classical architecture
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
niche
[noun]
a hollow space in a wall, used for putting in decorative objects such a statue
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
quoin
[noun]
the corner angle of a building, typically formed by masonry blocks or stones
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
keystone
[noun]
a stone located at the top center of an arch, keeping all the other stones together
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
entablature
[noun]
the horizontal, decorative element that rests on top of columns or pillars in architecture
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
gargoyle
[noun]
stone figures that resemble a hideous creature and that are attached to the top of some old buildings, particularly old churches, for carrying rain water off the roof
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
abacus
[noun]
a flat, stone block that sits on top of a column, used to support the parts above it such as a roof
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
rib vault
[noun]
an architectural feature that consists of a series of arched ribs or arches that intersect to form a structural framework supporting a vaulted ceiling
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
loggia
[noun]
a room or gallery that is open in one or more sides, particularly one that is attached to a house and faces a garden on one side
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
hypostyle
[noun]
a large hall with a roof supported by many columns
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
buttress
[noun]
a protruding structure that supports a building or wall and is made out of bricks or stones
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
LanGeek
Download LanGeek app