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CEFR C2 Vocabulary - Weather and Temperature

Here you will learn all the essential words for talking about Weather and Temperature, collected specifically for level C2 learners.

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CEFR C2 Vocabulary
monsoon
[noun]
a period in the summer during which wind blows and rain falls in India or other hot South Asian countries
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precipitation
[noun]
snow, rain, hail, etc. that falls to or condenses on the ground
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dew
[noun]
the tiny water drops that form on cool surfaces during the night, caused by condensation
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isobar
[noun]
(meteorology) a line on a map that joins places with the same air pressure at a given time or over a given period
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beaufort scale
[noun]
a scale devised to estimate wind speeds based on the observed effects of the wind on the sea surface and land features
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sleet
[noun]
frozen raindrops or partially melted snowflakes that fall as ice pellets
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whiteout
[noun]
a meteorological phenomenon characterized by a dense, widespread snowfall that significantly reduces visibility, often resulting in a featureless landscape
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chinook
[noun]
a warm, dry wind that descends the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains, causing a rapid and significant increase in temperature
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gust
[noun]
a drastic and sudden rush of wind
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slush
[noun]
partially melted snow or ice, often forming a wet and muddy mixture
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squall
[noun]
a sudden, intense, and brief storm characterized by strong winds and often accompanied by rain or snow
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flash flood
[noun]
a sudden and rapid flooding of a normally dry area, often caused by heavy rainfall or the sudden release of water
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sunburst
[noun]
a sudden, intense appearance of sunlight, often breaking through clouds and creating a radiant and vivid effect in the sky
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anticyclone
[noun]
a weather phenomenon with an extensive circulation of winds around a central region of high barometric pressure that is connected with calm and fine weather
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bluster
[noun]
a strong, noisy, and gusty wind, often accompanied by turbulent
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balmy
[adjective]
pleasantly warm, mild, and soothing
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sweltering
[adjective]
regarding extremely hot, humid, and uncomfortable temperatures
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torrid
[adjective]
characterized by intense and oppressive heat
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sizzling
[adjective]
so hot as to produce a hissing or crackling sound
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parching
[adjective]
becoming dried, often due to intense heat or a lack of moisture
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flaming
[adjective]
extreme heat, often associated with flames or burning
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lukewarm
[adjective]
neither hot nor cold
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thermic
[adjective]
relating to or involving the transformation of heat energy
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muggy
[adjective]
characterized by high humidity and oppressive warmth
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nippy
[adjective]
(of weather) cold, often with a sharp, biting sensation
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arctic
[adjective]
very cold
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glacial
[adjective]
freezing as though having sub-zero temperatures
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algid
[adjective]
extremely cold
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