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CEFR C2 Vocabulary - Human Body

Here you will learn all the essential words for talking about Human Body, collected specifically for level C2 learners.

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CEFR C2 Vocabulary
trachea
[noun]
(anatomy) the membranous tube in the body that carries air from the throat to the bronchi
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larynx
[noun]
(anatomy) the hollow organ in the throat that contains the vocal cords and provides an air passage to the lungs
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taste bud
[noun]
any of the group of sensory cells that are mainly on the tongue, making one recognize different tastes
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incisor
[noun]
(anatomy) any of the eight narrow-edged teeth at the front of the mouth that are used for biting
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enamel
[noun]
the hard white external layer that covers the crown of a tooth
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phlegm
[noun]
the thick mucus that is formed in the nasal and throat cavities, usually secreted in excessive amounts as a result of common cold
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sinus
[noun]
(anatomy) any hollow tract in the bones of the face or the skull that is connected to the nasal cavities
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lobe
[noun]
(anatomy) a rounded part of an organ, such as, lungs or brain that seems to be separate in some way from the rest
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cortex
[noun]
(anatomy) the outer layer of the anterior part of the brain, called cerebrum, containing gray matter
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iris
[noun]
(anatomy) the round colored portion of the eye around the pupil and behind the cornea
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retina
[noun]
(anatomy) the sensory membrane at the back of the eye that transmits light signals to the brain through optic nerves
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cornea
[noun]
(anatomy) the transparent layer that covers the outside of the eyeball
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eardrum
[noun]
a thin piece of skin in the middle ear that vibrates by sound waves and enables one to hear sounds, also known as tympanic membrane
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trunk
[noun]
the body of an animal or human, except the limbs and head
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bile
[noun]
a greenish-brown alkaline fluid that is produced by the liver in order to help the body digest fats
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pancreas
[noun]
a large gland in the body that produces insulin and glucagon and substances that help the body digest food
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spleen
[noun]
(anatomy) an abdominal organ that controls the quality of the blood cells
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colon
[noun]
(anatomy) the main part of the large intestine, between the caecum to the rectum, where water is removed from solid waste
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pelvis
[noun]
(anatomy) the large round bone structure that the limbs and the spine are joined to, which also protects the abdominal organs
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cervix
[noun]
(anatomy) the narrow outer opening of the womb or uterus of a female
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urethra
[noun]
(anatomy) the tube in most mammals that carries urine out of the body, which also carries sperm in males
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bone marrow
[noun]
the soft substance that fills the cavities of bones, which is either yellowish and consists of fat cells or reddish and makes blood cells
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esophagus
[noun]
a muscular tube that connects the throat to the stomach, allowing for the passage of food and liquids during digestion
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epidermis
[noun]
(anatomy) the outer layer of the skin that overlays the dermis
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Achilles tendon
[noun]
a tendon in the leg that attaches the muscles of the calf to the bone of the heel
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femur
[noun]
(anatomy) the longest bone in the top part of the human leg between the hip and the knee
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scapula
[noun]
(anatomy) each of the pair of triangular bones that connect the humerus to the clavicle
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renal
[adjective]
relating to the kidneys or their function
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intestinal
[adjective]
relating to the intestines, which are part of the digestive system responsible for absorbing nutrients and removing waste from the body
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canine
[noun]
(anatomy) any of the four pointed teeth that are between the incisors and premolars, used for tearing food
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