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CEFR C2 Vocabulary - Law

Here you will learn all the essential words for talking about Law, collected specifically for level C2 learners.

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CEFR C2 Vocabulary
litigant
[noun]
(law) a person or party involved in a legal case
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punitive damages
[noun]
an extra financial compensation awarded in a lawsuit to punish the defendant for bad behavior and deter future wrongdoing
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intestacy
[noun]
the condition of dying without a valid will, leaving the distribution of one's estate to be determined by the laws of intestate succession rather than specific instructions in a will
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bar
[noun]
the physical railing or barrier in a courtroom that separates participants from the judge
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litigator
[noun]
a lawyer who specializes in bringing a lawsuit against people or organizations in a court of law
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probable cause
[noun]
the reasonable suspicion that a crime has occurred or will occur
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barrister
[noun]
a legal professional who is qualified and licensed to advocate on the behalf of clients in both lower and higher courts, primarily in Britain
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injunction
[noun]
a legal order issued by a court, typically requiring a party to cease or refrain from a specific action or to perform a particular act
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affidavit
[noun]
a written statement affirmed by oath that can be used as evidence in court
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deposition
[noun]
a recorded testimony given outside of court by a witness or party involved in a legal case, used as evidence in future proceedings
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notary
[noun]
an official authorized to conduct particular legal formalities, especially to make documents legally acceptable
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adjournment
[noun]
the temporary suspension or postponement of a legal proceeding or meeting
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acquittal
[noun]
an official judgment in court of law that declares someone not guilty of the crime they were charged with
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infraction
[noun]
the act of breaking or not obeying a law, agreement, etc.
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indictment
[noun]
a formal accusation of a crime
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parole
[noun]
(of law) the permission for a prisoner to leave prison before the end of their imprisonment sentence, on the condition of good conduct
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subpoena
[noun]
a legal document issued by a court or administrative agency, compelling an individual to appear as a witness, produce certain documents, or provide testimony in a legal proceeding
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remit
[noun]
the process of sending a legal case from one court to another for review or resolution, often due to jurisdictional or procedural reasons
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tort
[noun]
a civil wrong causing harm, not a crime
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ordinance
[noun]
an official rule or order that is imposed by the law or someone with authority
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to extradite
[verb]
to send someone accused of a crime to the place where the crime happened or where they are wanted for legal matters
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to adjudicate
[verb]
to make a formal decision or judgment about who is right in an argument or dispute
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to annex
[verb]
to attach a document to another, especially in formal or legal writings
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to exempt
[verb]
to officially excuse someone from a requirement or obligation
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to remand
[verb]
to send a case back to a court of lower authority for additional reconsideration or review
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to infringe
[verb]
to violate someone's rights or property
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to annul
[verb]
to invalidate a legal agreement
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to co-sign
[verb]
to sign a document or agreement jointly with another person, taking equal responsibility for fulfilling its terms
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