Space

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16 min
Vocabulary for IELTS (General) - Lesson 16

Vocabulary for IELTS (General)
astronaut
astronautnoun

someone who is trained to travel and work in space

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atmospherenoun

the different types of gases that surround the earth or other planets

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space stationnoun

a large structure used as a long-term base for people to stay in space and conduct research

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sunlight
sunlightnoun

the natural light coming from the sun

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moonlight
moonlightnoun

the light coming from the moon

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asteroid
asteroidnoun

any of the rocky bodies orbiting the sun, ranging greatly in diameter and also found in large numbers between Jupiter and Mars

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astronomernoun

a scientist who studies or observes planets, stars, and other space phenomena

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astronomynoun

a branch of science that studies space, planets, etc.

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galaxy
galaxynoun

a large number of star systems bound together by gravitational force

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to launch
to launchverb

to send an object, such as a satellite, missile, etc., into space

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to orbit
to orbitverb

to move around a star, planet, or a large object in the space

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rocketnoun

a jet engine with liquid or solid fuel that is propelled by a burning gas stream

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satellitenoun

a natural body in space that moves around the earth or other planets

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solar system
solar systemnoun

the sun and the group of planets orbiting around it, including the earth

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spacecraft
spacecraftnoun

a vehicle designed to travel in space

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to voyageverb

to travel over a long distance by sea or in space

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aerospacenoun

the earth's atmosphere and the space beyond it

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constellationnoun

a specific group of stars that form a pattern and have a name related to their shape

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gravitynoun

(physics) the universal force of attraction between any pair of objects with mass

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lunaradjective

related to the moon

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meteornoun

a piece of rock coming from outer space that passes through the Earth's atmosphere, producing light

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rotationnoun

the action of circular movement around a fixed point

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axisnoun

an imaginary line in the middle of an object around which the object revolves

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weightless
weightlessadjective

having or seeming to have no or little weight, caused by the absence of gravity

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missionnoun

an operation carried out in space

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boosternoun

a rocket that gives a spacecraft or missile the extra power it needs to leave the Earth's atmosphere

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countdownnoun

the act of counting numbers backwards to zero before the launch of a missile or spacecraft

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probenoun

an unmanned spacecraft used to gather information from space and send it back

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to waneverb

(of the moon) have a progressively less significant part of its seeable surface illuminated so that it seems to reduce in size

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to waxverb

(of the moon) have a progressively more significant part of its seeable surface illuminated so that it seems to increase in size

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