Sickness and Health

school icon31 words
16 min
Vocabulary for IELTS (General) - Lesson 12

Vocabulary for IELTS (General)
addiction
addictionnoun

the inability to stop taking, using, or doing something, particularly something harmful or unhealthy

1
allergicadjective

caused by or relating to allergy

2
bruisenoun

an injury on the skin that appears as a dark mark, caused by a blow involving the rupture of vessels underneath

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bumpnoun

a swelling on the body caused by illness or injury

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cancernoun

a serious disease caused by the uncontrolled growth of cells in a part of the body that may spread to other parts

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to cureverb

to become healthy again or make someone regain their health

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diabetesnoun

a serious medical condition in which the body is unable to regulate the blood sugar levels because it does not produce enough insulin

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depression
depressionnoun

a mental condition in which a person feels severe sadness and dejection, usually with physical symptoms such as insomnia, lethargy, etc.

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disabilitynoun

a physical or mental condition that prevents a person from using some part of their body completely or learning something easily

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disordernoun

a disease or a medical condition that prevents a part of the body or mind from functioning normally

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immuneadjective

safe from catching a disease or being infected

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athletic
athleticadjective

being physically active and strong with a proportionate body

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to strengthenverb

to make something more powerful or become so

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alternative medicinenoun

any type of treatment such as herbalism, faith healing, etc. that does not follow the usual methods of Western medicine

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examination
examinationnoun

the process of looking closely at something to see if there are any issues

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to implant
to implantverb

to insert a living tissue or an artificial object into the body by medical procedure

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nutritionist
nutritionistnoun

someone who is an expert in the field of food and nutrition

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procedure
procedurenoun

a medical operation

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specialist
specialistnoun

a doctor who is highly trained in a particular area of medicine

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therapist
therapistnoun

a person who is trained to treat a particular type of disease or disorder, particularly by using a specific therapy

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to transplantverb

to surgically remove an organ from someone's body and put it in someone else's body

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geneticadjective

(of diseases) passed on from one's parents; related to genes

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infectionnoun

the process or the act of catching or causing a disease resulting from a bacterial or viral infestation

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obese
obeseadjective

very fat in an unhealthy way

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obesity
obesitynoun

the state of being very fat in an unhealthy way

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recovery
recoverynoun

the process of becoming healthy again after an injury or disease

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severelyadverb

very badly or to a serious extent

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psychiatricadjective

relating to the study and treatment of mental illness

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physician
physiciannoun

a medical doctor who specializes in general medicine, not in surgery

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opticiannoun

a person whose job is to test people's eyes and sight or to make and supply glasses or contacts

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career
careernoun

a profession or a series of professions that someone does for a long time during their working life

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