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CEFR C1 Vocabulary - Lesson 8

Here you will learn some English words about buildings and construction, such as "interior", "assemble", "decay", etc. prepared for C1 learners.

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CEFR C1 Vocabulary
adjacent
[adjective]
situated next to or near something
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architectural
[adjective]
relating to the study or art of constructing or designing a building
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interior
[adjective]
relating to or located on the inside part of a particular thing
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exterior
[adjective]
relating to or located on the outside part of a particular thing
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insulated
[adjective]
covered with a substance that does not let heat, electricity, or sound to enter or escape through it
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municipal
[adjective]
involving or belonging to the government of a city, town, etc.
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residential
[adjective]
(of an area with buildings) designed specially for people to live in; relating to houses in which people live rather than offices, factories, etc.
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godforsaken
[adjective]
(of a place) remote and without any appealing or interesting qualities
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suburban
[adjective]
characteristic of or relating to a residential area outside a city or town
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vacant
[adjective]
(of a house, room, seat, etc. ) empty or unoccupied and available to be used
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to assemble
[verb]
to make something by putting separate parts of something together
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to decay
[verb]
(of a structure or an area) to become worse gradually
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to demolish
[verb]
to completely destroy or to knock down a building or another structure
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to erect
[verb]
to build or assemble a structure or object in an upright position
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to refurbish
[verb]
to make a room or building look more attractive by repairing, redecorating, or cleaning it
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to renovate
[verb]
to make a building or a piece of furniture look good again by repairing or painting it
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bungalow
[noun]
a one-story construction without stairs, usually with a low roof
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court
[noun]
an area surrounded by walls or buildings, often part of a large house
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dome
[noun]
a building's roof that is rounded
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sauna
[noun]
a small room that is often heated with steam and has wooden walls, where people sit for relaxation or health benefits
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igloo
[noun]
a house or shelter in the shape of a dome that is built from blocks of ice or hard snow
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high-rise
[noun]
a very tall building with many floors
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lighthouse
[noun]
a large structure, such as a tower, placed near the coast and equipped with a powerful light that guides or warns the approaching ships
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pier
[noun]
a long platform built from the shore into the sea that people can go for entertainment or a walk
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premises
[noun]
the building and its surrounding land owned or used by a business
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arch
[noun]
a curved symmetrical structure that supports the weight above it, used in bridges or buildings
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beam
[noun]
a long bar of iron or metal that supports the weight of a building
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cement
[noun]
a gray powdery substance that becomes hard if it is mixed with water and sand, used for construction purposes such as sticking bricks of a wall together
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tile
[noun]
a flat piece of baked clay or other material, mostly in the shape of a square, used for covering floors or walls
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marble
[noun]
a type of hard smooth rock that is mostly white in color and has colored lines, which is used as building material or in making statues
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crane
[noun]
a very large tall machine used for lifting heavy objects
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escalator
[noun]
a staircase that moves and takes people up or down different levels easily, often found in large buildings like airports, department stores, etc.
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addition
[noun]
a new room added to a building
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flooring
[noun]
the materials that make up the floor of a building or room
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foundation
[noun]
a hard layer of cement, stone, etc. that serves as the underground support of a building
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layout
[noun]
the specific way by which a building, book page, garden, etc. is arranged
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embassy
[noun]
a building used as the office or residence of the officials who represent their government in another country
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plumbing
[noun]
the system of pipes for the distribution of water in a building
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chalet
[noun]
a wooden house with a steep sloping roof, often found in mountainous areas in Switzerland
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windowpane
[noun]
a single piece of glass in a window
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lobby
[noun]
the area just inside the entrance of a public building such as a hotel, etc.
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thatched
[adjective]
(of a house or building) having a roof made of dried straw, leaves etc.
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shovel-ready
[adjective]
(of a construction project) prepared for the building stage to begin
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to desecrate
[verb]
to treat something valuable inconsiderately, in a way that affects it badly
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