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Words Related to Architecture and Construction - Islamic Architecture

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Words Related to Architecture and Construction
mosque
[noun]
a place of worship, used by Muslims
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minaret
[noun]
a thin and tall tower, often on top of a mosque, from which Muslim are summoned to prayers
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mihrab
[noun]
a curved space in a mosque that shows Muslims which direction to face during prayer, serving as a central spot for worshippers
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minbar
[noun]
a stepped pulpit used by the imam to deliver sermons during congregational prayers
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arabesque
[noun]
intricate, flowing decorative patterns of intertwined plant motifs, often seen in tilework, woodwork, and stucco
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riwaq
[noun]
a covered arcade or portico often surrounding a courtyard, providing shade and shelter for circulation and gatherings
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zellige
[noun]
intricate mosaic tilework, typically featuring small, hand-cut geometric shapes, commonly used to adorn walls, floors, and fountains
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windcatcher
[noun]
an architectural element used to catch and direct natural breezes for cooling and ventilation in hot climates
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iwan
[noun]
a vaulted space or arched portal, often with a large open entrance, leading to a courtyard or central hall in Islamic architecture
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muqarnas
[noun]
a decorative architectural element in Islamic art characterized by a series of intricate, tiered, and geometrically arranged niches or stalactite-like structures that create a visually stunning and complex pattern
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geometric pattern
[noun]
a symmetrical and intricate design created by interlocking geometric shapes, commonly used in decorative elements
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mashrabiya
[noun]
a traditional architectural element often seen in Middle Eastern buildings, especially in windows or balconies, consisting of wooden screens or panels that allow air to pass through while keeping the area private and providing shade from the sun
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qibla wall
[noun]
the wall within a mosque that indicates the direction of Mecca, towards which Muslims face during their prayers, typically marked by the presence of the mihrab
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Kaaba
[noun]
a black cube-like building located inside a mosque in Mecca, which is the holiest place for Muslims and which they pray towards and walk around as a religious ceremony
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Iznik tile
[noun]
a type of ceramic tile produced in the town of Iznik, Turkey, known for its vibrant colors, intricate patterns, and floral motifs, often used in the decoration of mosques, palaces, and other architectural structures
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sebil
[noun]
a public water fountain, typically found in Islamic cities, providing free drinking water to the community, especially to travelers and the needy
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maqsurah
[noun]
an enclosed area or screen within a mosque, usually located near the mihrab, designed to separate dignitaries or the ruling authority from the general congregation during prayers
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jali
[noun]
a perforated stone screen with intricate patterns used in Islamic architecture for decorative windows, partitions, and enclosures
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tadelakt
[noun]
a Moroccan plastering technique used in Islamic-influenced architecture to create a polished, waterproof surface on interior walls and structures
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qa'a
[noun]
a central hall or reception room in Islamic architecture, commonly found in traditional Middle Eastern homes and palaces, serving as a spacious gathering area for social events
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serefe
[noun]
the balcony or gallery located at the top of a minaret, typically used by the muezzin (caller to prayer) to deliver the adhan (call to prayer)
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sahn
[noun]
the central courtyard in Islamic architecture, often enclosed by arcades, serving as a communal gathering space for various activities
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haram
[noun]
a sacred or restricted area within a mosque or other religious sites, typically designated for prayer or religious activities
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