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Words Related to Architecture and Construction - Churches

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Words Related to Architecture and Construction
ambulatory
[noun]
a covered walkway or passageway, typically found in religious buildings or gardens, that allows for a continuous flow of movement around a central space
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apse
[noun]
a small curved area in a church, particularly at the east end of it
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aisle
[noun]
the lower section of a church, divided by columns, that runs parallel to the nave, transept, or choir
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choir
[noun]
an area in a church that is occasionally occupied by a group of singers performing together while religious ceremonies are held
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choir loft
[noun]
an elevated area in a church or cathedral where the choir or singers perform during religious services
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concha
[noun]
a semicircular or dome-shaped recess or niche, often found in the apse of a church, used for decorative or architectural purposes
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crossing
[noun]
the area in a church where the nave, transepts, and choir intersect, often marked by a dome or tower
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rood screen
[noun]
a decorative partition or gallery separating the choir and sanctuary from the nave in a church
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narthex
[noun]
an enclosed area consisting of pillars located at the western entrance of an old church
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poppyhead
[noun]
an ornamental carving or finial found at the top of a seat or a choir stall, typically depicting a decorative or symbolic design such as a flower, foliage, or a human or animal figure
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steeple
[noun]
a tall and pointed tower on a church, often topped by a spire
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transept
[noun]
either of the two hands at the sides of a cross-shaped church, which sticks out of the long central part of the church at a 90-degree angle
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tribune
[noun]
the apse or a semicircular or polygonal space at the east end of a church, often containing the altar and serving as a focal point of worship
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triforium
[noun]
a narrow, arcaded gallery or passageway found above the arches of the nave in Gothic cathedrals, typically below the clerestory windows
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nave
[noun]
the long and central part of a church where people sit to worship God
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pulpit
[noun]
a small enclosed platform with stairs in a church, on which a priest stands to preach to people
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chancel
[noun]
the area of a church or cathedral that surrounds the altar and is typically reserved for the clergy and choir during religious services
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transept chapel
[noun]
a small chapel located within the transept of a church or cathedral, often dedicated to a specific saint or serving as a place of private prayer or devotion
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nave arcade
[noun]
a series of arches or arcades that separate the nave (the central aisle of a church) from the side aisles
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chapel
[noun]
a small place of worship or prayer that is usually separate from a main church or cathedral
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crypt
[noun]
a room that is beneath the floor of a church and was mostly used for burying the dead in the past
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chantry chapel
[noun]
a small chapel within a church, dedicated to prayers and masses for the souls of specific individuals, typically the chapel's founder or benefactor
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fleche
[noun]
a slender, spire-like structure typically found atop the roof of a church or cathedral, serving as a decorative or functional element
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piscina
[noun]
a shallow basin or stone niche with a drain, usually found in the sacristy or near the altar in a church, used for the ritual washing of sacred vessels and purifying water used in religious ceremonies
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stave church
[noun]
a medieval wooden church found in Norway, constructed using post-and-beam techniques and featuring intricate woodcarvings
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cloister
[noun]
a covered walking area with several stone arches, which surrounds a square garden in a church, monastery, etc.
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spire
[noun]
a pointed and long structure in the shape of a cone, which is built on top of a church or other tall buildings
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flying buttress
[noun]
an arched structure made of stone used for supporting the outer wall of a building, especially a church
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gargoyle
[noun]
stone figures that resemble a hideous creature and that are attached to the top of some old buildings, particularly old churches, for carrying rain water off the roof
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cloister garth
[noun]
the central courtyard or garden enclosed by the surrounding covered walkways of a cloister, providing a peaceful and communal space for prayer and contemplation
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belfry
[noun]
a bell tower or structure that houses bells, often found in churches or other religious buildings
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screen
[noun]
an ornate partition made of wood or stone, partly separating the main area of a church from other parts such as the choir or altar
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stained glass
[noun]
colorful pieces of glass put together in decorative patterns to form pictorial designs, typically found in the windows of churches
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vault
[noun]
a chamber located under a church or cemetery, which is used for burying the dead, particularly those sharing a family bond
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broach spire
[noun]
a roof structure on a tower or steeple that has four sloping sides and a pyramid-like shape
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broach
[noun]
a triangular or conical stone finial or ornament placed at the top or apex of a gable or spire on a church
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