Internal Organs and Functions 1

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24 min
Words Related to Body - Internal Organs and Functions 1

Here you will learn some English words related to internal organs and functions, such as "adenoid", "aorta", and "bile".

Words Related to Body
Achilles tendonnoun

a tendon in the leg that attaches the muscles of the calf to the bone of the heel

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adenoidnoun

(usually plural) each of the pair of large lymphoid tissues high up in the throat and behind the nose that have to be removed if swollen

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adrenalinenoun

a body hormone produced in case of anger, fear, or excitement that makes the heart beat faster and the body react quicker

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anatomy
anatomynoun

the human body

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antibodynoun

a blood protein produced to fight diseases or infections, or in response to foreign substances in the body

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anusnoun

a hole at the end of an animal or human's body from which the faeces leaves the body

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aortanoun

the main artery that carries highly oxygenated blood from the heart, which has circulated through the lungs, to the rest of the body

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appendixnoun

a sack of tissue that is attached to the large intestine and is surgically removed if infected

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artery
arterynoun

any blood vessel, carrying the blood to different organs of body from the heart

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auriclenoun

(anatomy) either of the two cavities of the upper part of the heart that pass blood to the ventricles

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bilenoun

a greenish-brown alkaline fluid that is produced by the liver in order to help the body digest fats

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bile ductnoun

the tube that carries bile from the liver or the gall bladder to the first segment of the small intestine, also known as duodenum

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bladder
bladdernoun

a sac-like organ inside the body where urine is stored before being passed

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blood
bloodnoun

the red liquid that the heart pumps through the body, carrying oxygen to and carbon dioxide from the tissues

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bloodstreamnoun

the blood that circulates through the body

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blood vessel
blood vesselnoun

any tube structure inside the body through which blood can circulate, such as a vein, artery, etc.

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bone
bonenoun

any of the hard pieces making up the skeleton in humans and some animals

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bone marrownoun

the soft substance that fills the cavities of bones, which is either yellowish and consists of fat cells or reddish and makes blood cells

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bowelnoun

(usually plural) the tube in the body through which digested food passes from the stomach to the anus

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brain
brainnoun

the organ that is inside our head controlling how we think, feel, move, etc.

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breath
breathnoun

the air taken into or sent out from the lungs

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breathing
breathingnoun

the action of taking air into the lungs and sending it out again

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canalnoun

a tubular passage in the body through which air, liquid or food can pass

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capillarynoun

(anatomy) any of the small and thin-walled branching blood vessels that connect the arterioles and venules

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cartilagenoun

an elastic tissue that supports or connects joints in an infant and turns into skeleton during growth

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cell
cellnoun

(biology) an organism's smallest unit, capable of functioning on its own

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cervix
cervixnoun

(technical) the part in a human or animal body that connects the head to the torso

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circulation
circulationnoun

the flow and movement of blood around and in all parts of the body

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cochleanoun

(anatomy) a spiral cavity in the inner ear that contains sensory organs which send nerve signals to the brain in response to vibrations

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colonnoun

(anatomy) the main part of the large intestine, between the caecum to the rectum, where water is removed from solid waste

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cortexnoun

(anatomy) the outer layer of the anterior part of the brain, called cerebrum, containing gray matter

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discnoun

a rounded cartilage between the spinal bones

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ductnoun

a tubular passage in the body through which liquid, such as tears or bile, can pass

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ear canalnoun

the passage through which sound is carried from the outer ear to the tympanic membrane

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eardrumnoun

a thin piece of skin in the middle ear that vibrates by sound waves and enables one to hear sounds, also known as tympanic membrane

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fibernoun

any strand of muscle or nervous tissues

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ganglionnoun

(anatomy) a mass of neurons that form a nerve center in the body outside the brain or spinal cord

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glandnoun

an organ in the body that produces certain chemical substances to be used in the body or to be discharged into the surroundings

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gulletnoun

the duct through which food is passed from the throat to the stomach

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gut
gutnoun

the lower part of the digestive tract between the stomach and the rectum

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hamstringnoun

(anatomy) one of the five tendons at the back of someone's knee

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heart
heartnoun

the organ that pumps blood around the body, located in the chest

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hemispherenoun

either the left or right side of the brain, or the cerebrum

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hormonenoun

a chemical substance produced in the body of living things influencing growth and affecting the functionality of cells or tissues

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hypothalamusnoun

(anatomy) a region in the central lower part of the brain that is responsible for autonomic nervous system and the release of hormones

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gallbladder
gallbladdernoun

a sac-like organ in which the body stores bile to be used later for digestion

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