# 雅思词汇（学术） - 数学与统计学

graph

a graphical display of the relationship between two or more numbers using a line or lines

[名词]
sign

(mathematics) the property of being positive or negative in any number other than zero

[名词]
deduction

the action or process of taking an amount away from a total

[名词]
mathematically

in accordance with mathematical rules

[副词]
mathematician

someone who is a specialist or expert in mathematics

[名词]
parallel

having an equal distance from each other at every point

[形容词]
probability

(mathematics) a number representing the chances of something specific happening

[名词]
problem

a question that can be answered by mathematics or logical thinking

[名词]
scale

the size, amount, or degree of one thing compared with another

[名词]
square

the second exponent of any given number produced when multiplied by itself

[名词]
vertical

positioned at a right angle to the horizon or ground, typically moving up or down

[形容词]
set

(mathematics) a group of things that belong together because of having some similarities

[名词]
axis

(geometry) an arbitrary straight line that passes through the center of a symmetrical object or around which an object spins

[名词]
bracket

each of the two symbols [ ] used to indicate that the enclosed numbers or words should be considered separately

[名词]
equation

(mathematics) a statement indicating the equality between two values

[名词]
to deduce

to determine by a process of logical reasoning

[动词]
formula

(mathematics) a rule or law represented in symbols, letters, or numbers

[名词]
function

(mathematics) a quantity whose value changes according to another quantity's varying value

[名词]
ratio

(mathematics) the result of the division of two mathematical expressions

[名词]
segment

(geometry) a part of a circle that is separated from the rest by a line

[名词]
asymmetric

not having identical parts facing each other or around an axis

[形容词]
induction

(logic) the process of arriving at a general conclusion based on particular instances

[名词]
to divide

(mathematics) to calculate how many times a number contains another number

[动词]
percentage

a number or amount expressed as a fraction of 100

[名词]
algebra

a branch of mathematics in which abstract letters and symbols represent numbers in order to generalize the arithmetic

[名词]
calculus

the branch of mathematics that comprises differentials and integrals

[名词]
geometry

the branch of mathematics that deals with the relation between the lines, angles and surfaces or the properties of the space

[名词]
arithmetic

a branch of mathematics that deals with addition, subtraction, multiplication, etc.

[名词]
mean

(mathematics) the average value of a set of quantities calculated by adding them, and dividing them by the total number of the quantities

[名词]
variable

(mathematics) a quantity that is capable of assuming different values in a calculation

[名词]
normal distribution

a function that shows the probability of variables in a symmetrical and bell-shaped graph

[名词]
correlation coefficient

(statistics) a measure used to show how strong is the relationship between two sets of data or variables

[名词]
dependent variable

(statistics) a variable whose value is determined by the value of another variable in a function

[名词]