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CEFR C1 Vocabulary - Lesson 48

Here you will learn some English words about scholarly research, such as "empirical", "correlate", "qualitative", etc. prepared for C1 learners.

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CEFR C1 Vocabulary
detectable
[adjective]
able to be noticed or discovered
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empirical
[adjective]
based upon observations or experiments instead of theories or ideas
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experimental
[adjective]
relating to scientific experimentation, based on untested hypotheses or approaches and not yet confirmed or finalized
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preliminary
[adjective]
occurring before a more important thing, particularly as an act of introduction
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qualitative
[adjective]
related to or involving quality of something, not numbers or amounts
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quantitative
[adjective]
related to or involving numbers or amounts, not quality
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scholarly
[adjective]
related to or involving academic study
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theoretical
[adjective]
derived from conceptual thinking or logical reasoning rather than direct observation or experience
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to correlate
[verb]
to be closely connected or have mutual effects
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to disprove
[verb]
to show that something is false or incorrect
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to self-report
[verb]
to freely provide information about oneself, often related to personal experiences, behaviors, etc.
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to verify
[verb]
to examine the truth or accuracy of something
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apparatus
[noun]
tools or machines that are designed for a specific purpose
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carbon dating
[noun]
a method used for measuring how old an organic material is by calculating the amount of carbon they contain
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clinical trial
[noun]
a controlled scientific experiment in which the effectiveness and safety of a medical treatment is measured by testing it on people
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control
[noun]
someone or something that is used as a standard of comparison in a scientific experiment to evaluate the results
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guinea pig
[noun]
someone on whom scientific experiments are tested
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pseudoscience
[noun]
a set of practices or beliefs that are claimed to be scientific when in reality they have no scientific basis
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subject
[noun]
someone or something on which a study or experiment is performed
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treatise
[noun]
a long and formal piece of writing about a specific subject
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abstract
[noun]
a written summary of a book, speech, etc.
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thesis
[noun]
a statement that someone presents as a topic to be argued or examined
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literature
[noun]
writings or books on a specific subject
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citation
[noun]
a line or sentence taken from a book or speech
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limitation
[noun]
(usually plural) anything that limits something
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methodology
[noun]
a series of methods by which a certain subject is studied or a particular activity is done
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randomization
[noun]
an arrangement done in an intentionally random manner to yield unbiased results
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parameter
[noun]
a limit that controls or defines how something should be done
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peer review
[noun]
an assessment made of a scientific or academic research by people who are engaged in the same subject area
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dissemination
[noun]
the action of spreading information or news
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